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Common Nutritional Deficiencies Found In Us And How To Manage It?
A well-rounded diet promises to fulfill all nutritional requirements of our body. We take all the measures to add in a rainbow of vegetables, salads, fruits, and drinks to our meals to scrounge all possible vitamins and minerals contained in various foods. While a good diet is essential for good health, it may still leave scope for a nutritional deficiency.
A number of factors play a role in affecting our body’s ability to procure nutrients from the foods that we eat. Blame it on our sedentary lifestyle, adulterated foods, climate, age or just our genetic composition; we may lack proper nutrition. Now, the worrying issue is not being able to find out about it simply because we may not be aware of the underlying symptoms, or ignore them if they ever show up.
Nutritional Deficiency Diseases
Ignorance is the root cause of all health-related problems. If you learn which nutrients have more tendencies to abstain from your body, you can take extra efforts to obtain the same through your diet and also get a clinical test done regularly to keep a close watch.
The most important source of this ‘sunshine vitamin’ is the sunlight. There are very few foods that contain this vitamin. So, people who don’t get enough sunlight fall prey to its deficiency.
How to treat it – Skip processed foods as much as possible as their contents may interfere with the enzymes that regulate vitamin D in the body. Eggs, fatty fish, liver and mushrooms are some foods that provide a good amount of vitamin D.
How to treat it – Foods like beef, eggs and other poultry items, sea foods like prawns and salmon – are very high in Vitamin B12 content.
According to The World Health Organization, iron deficiency, which leads to anaemia, is the most prevalent health problem across the globe. Vegetarians are at a higher risk of catching this deficiency than non-vegetarians as the iron found in plant sources cannot be easily absorbed.
How to treat it – Eat plant-based foods rich in nonheme iron – green leafy vegetables, legumes, iron-fortified cereals, beans, nuts and seeds.
If you are a non-vegetarian, consume more animal-based foods containing heme iron – poultry, fish and red meats.
It is a pertinent source for good bone and teeth health. It also strengthens heart muscles and nerves. Calcium deficiency is mostly found in women and the elderly as their ability to absorb calcium from food is considered low.
How to treat it – Any diet rich in fresh and whole grain foods can go a long way to fuel your calcium intake. Dairy products are the biggest supplies of calcium to the body. Green leafy vegetables like kale, broccoli and spinach are also excellent sources of calcium.
Magnesium forms an important cog in the wheel of nutrition but is vastly ignored. It contributes to the smooth working of the brain, heart, DNA synthesis and muscular system. Magnesium deficiency can lead to some irksome problems like depression, muscle cramps and muscle contraction – facts many of us didn’t know.
How to treat it – Limit the intake of refined flours and foods. Have whole grain foods, green leafy vegetables, fish and lots of nuts and seeds.
To maintain a healthy nutrient composition, keep a watch on any abnormal developments in the body and symptoms like constant fatigue, fever and headaches. The best thing to do is get a blood test done to check for the paucity of any nutritive element. Then, form a diet replete with particular healthy foods to attain your daily dose of nutrition.
Learn About: Zinc Deficiency