Pregnancy and Prenatal Care

The Importance of Premarital Testing For Couple

Last updated on January 27th, 2023 at 03:10 pm

Marriage is the fundamental building block of society, and the cornerstone in building emotional, healthy and family relationships. The healthy marriage guarantees preventing the family members from the hereditary and infectious diseases; thus, building a happy and stable family.

Importance of Premarital Testing

Healthy marriage is defined as a state of agreement and harmony between the marriage partners regarding the healthy, psychological, sexual, social, and legislative aspects, aiming at making a sound family and begetting healthy children.

What if you came to know 3-4 years after your marriage that your life partner is not compatible with you? What if you together can’t produce your offsprings? That’s why you should know yourself to be a life-partner not just by outside but also internally. You may think that you’re happy with each other in every aspect, but there may be some internal problems which might lead your partner to some severe problems in the future. So you should know your partner before it’s too late. And this would help you increase the quality of married life.

We at healthcare nt sickcare aims to reduce the risk of guardians passing on illness or genetic issues to their kids and getting screened before marriage can assure both who are getting married that they are not a carrier. If both of them are carriers, they can further seek help from their respective doctors. And to check this, we have Premarital Testing Profiles for you that comprises 44 test parameters.

What is Premarital Testing?

Premarital testing is defined as testing couples who are planning to get married soon for common genetic blood disorders (e.g. sickle cell anemia and thalassemia and sickle cell anemia) and infectious diseases (e.g. hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS). The premarital screening aims to give medical consultation on the odds of transmitting the abovementioned diseases to the other partner/spouse or children and to provide partners/spouses with options that help them plan for a healthy family.

Objectives of Premarital Testing

  • Limiting the spread of some genetic blood diseases (e.g. sickle-cell anemia and thalassemia) and infectious diseases (e.g. hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS).
  • Promoting awareness about the concept of a comprehensive healthy marriage.
  • Reducing pressure on health institutions and blood banks.
  • Avoiding the social and psychological problems for families whose children suffer.
  • Reducing the family and community’s financial burdens of treating the injured persons.

Hence, those couples who are planning to get married soon are advised to conduct the premarital screening at least three months before the marriage date; so that the couple can plan their lives better. The screening for infectious diseases can also be re-conducted when needed.

What all Included in Premarital Testing?

You must have heard a common proverb, ‘Prevention is better than a cure.’ This is important, especially when there is no cure for a condition. A premarital checkup is significant because of this reason only. It helps couples to know about the health condition of their partners and prevents welcoming a life-threatening disease. As a couple, you get sexually intimate with your other half and that’s the time when you become susceptible to getting infectious diseases. 

Marriage is one of the most significant events in anyone’s life and therefore you must say yes to it after proper screening. If you wish to live longer, be healthy, and avoid suffering from chronic illness, a premarital checkup is what you need to say yes to. 

So, before matching your horoscope, get a health checkup done. Here we tell you about diseases and conditions that may affect you if do not sign up for premarital checkup.

Sexually transmitted diseases

You can get diseases and infections like chlamydia, HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea, etc., if your partner is suffering from any such condition and you get sexually intimate with him or her. These health problems are severe and can cause long-term damage. In fact, some of them can even claim your life. Not opting for a premarital checkup and being infected by a sexually transmitted disease, later on, can affect your marriage and life drastically.

Inherited diseases

In case you do not have any grave condition that can affect your child’s health or you are not carrying any dormant gene or condition, but your partner does, your child may anyway get affected. So, it is important to check if your to-be life partner is suffering from any blood-borne diseases like Marfan syndrome, Huntington’s disease, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, thalassemia, etc.


Infertility is quite a prevalent issue these days. Almost every other person is going through this problem. Infertility may cause unnecessary psychological, social, biological, and emotional trauma. To avoid any such occurrence, you must go for a fertility checkup and ask your future partner also to do the same.

Blood Group compatibility test

Blood groups need to be compatible with each other to avoid problems during pregnancy like the Rhesus disease. It is a condition where antibodies in a pregnant woman’s blood destroy her baby’s blood cells. Women with a rhesus negative blood group married to rhesus positive husbands have a greater chance of rhesus incompatibility where the growing fetus takes after the father in blood group, causing this problem and leading to intrauterine death and miscarriages.

Premarital Screening and the Human Rights

Premarital testing can be a valuable prevention of the development of infectious and genetic diseases. It helps protect not only the husband and wife but also future generations and society. Many countries have put into practice mandatory premarital testing programs. Several ethical challenges emerge today, which manifest differently because of culture, tradition, and religion. Mandatory testing and respect for confidentiality are among the most important ethical challenges in premarital testing.

Autonomy in deciding is one of the essential ethical rules in the medical field, and making premarital testing optional may facilitate the spreading of some diseases, while making it mandatory may contradict human rights and lead to social challenges. Respecting confidentiality and privacy is widely accepted as a basic ethical right of people. Who may know the personal information of other people is questionable, especially when information can be beneficial and prevent future diseases and improve health? Other issues must be considered, such as discrimination and stigma.

In addition, contrary to the right to know, there is the right not to know, especially among family members. Besides these ethical challenges, there are also economic challenges because of the cost of testing. However, regardless of these ethical challenges, premarital testing is an effective tool that can prevent the spread of diseases and improve the quality of life of individuals and societies.


Medical check-ups are not only advised but a must-do for a happy and healthy married life. Many are apprehensive about this and have pre-conceived notions, but doing this will help you avoid unwanted and unneeded stress and problems later in a marriage. Knowing your intended partner’s health doesn’t imply that the marriage itself is on troubled grounds. But it will enable you to take proper medical care if required. 

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