The viral infections increase due to damp and humid weather and change in weather makes for the perfect environment for viruses to grow. Virus attacks us easily when our immune system is low. The low immune system can be due to sedentary life habits, faulty eating habits, overcrowding or stress. Viral infections produce flu-like symptoms like fever, running nose, cough, body ache and throat pain. The symptoms usually last for about five to seven days. In some cases, the cough can prolong for more than 2 weeks. Severe cases of a cough with congestion can develop symptoms like wheezing and shortness of breath. This is usually noticed in people having allergic tendencies. Water-borne diseases are also common in this season and can cause gastroenteritis and viral hepatitis like disorders.
TYPES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
Malaria: It tops the list of common diseases during monsoon. It is spread by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito which breeds in waterlogged areas. Typical symptoms are fever, chills, body pain and weakness.
Diarrhoea: This commonly occurs during monsoon. It arises due to the ingestion of contaminated water or food. Common symptoms are frequent bowel movements, stomachache and abdominal cramps. It can be prevented by maintaining proper hygiene like drinking boiled water, washing hands with soap before eating and washing vegetables before cooking.
Dengue: It is the most notorious disease of monsoon. It is caused by Aedes mosquito. Common symptoms are high fever, rashes, severe body pain and weakness.
Typhoid: Typhoid is food and water-borne disease which is common during rains. It is caused by S. Typhi bacteria, characterized by high fever, headache, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and weakness.
Hepatitis A: It is an acute infection of the liver caused by the Hepatitis A Virus. It spreads through contaminated food, water or close contact with an infected person. Common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, jaundice, dark yellow urine and loss of appetite.
Viral fever: Viral fever can occur all-around the year, but it is most common during monsoon. It commonly infects children and manifests as mild to high degree fever for 3-5 days, along with cold and cough.
Fungal Infections: Fungal infections become common during monsoons because moisture in the climate favours the growth of fungus in the skin folds like armpits, toes and inner thighs. Common symptoms are peeling, cracking, redness, blisters, itching or burning of the skin.
Cholera: It is a rare and severe disease which spreads through food and water contaminated by human faeces. It is reported in areas of poor sanitation. It presents itself as diarrhoea, vomiting, dehydration and extreme weakness.
You can take certain steps to avoid these diseases like avoid eating from roadsides where you can’t be sure of the kind of water and food used, follow proper hygiene practices, use clean water, and guard yourself against mosquitoes.
What we should do to avoid viral infections?
– Viruses are transmitted to the mouth by touching infected surfaces. Frequently wash your hands. Use soap and water or alcohol-based hand gels.
– Use separate hand towels.
– Keep a safe distance from anyone who has a viral fever or common cold.
– Drink boiled and purified water
– Avoid eating out and one must consume fresh food
– Avoid getting wet in the rain
To help preserve the effectiveness of current antibiotics, experts are looking into rapid diagnostic tools that can determine if the cause of someone’s infection is indeed caused by bacteria. If it’s due to a virus, like the common cold and flu, then no antibiotics should be given.
Still, doctors regularly hand out antibiotics that might do more harm than good, mostly due to a lack of training in infectious diseases. Also, patients demand them.
If doctors could have a quick, easy, and inexpensive way to assure their patients that their symptoms are caused by a virus, the researchers say that will be a step in the right direction.
But right now, it’s not as if a doctor or nurse can tell the difference with a naked eye. “Clinically, it can be very difficult to differentiate between bacterial and viral infections,”
There are 11 to detect an infection and seven to determine bacteria or a virus. This is done in a lab with a simple blood sample, and takes about an hour.
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