Infection and Inflammation

Types of Viral Infection and How to Avoid Them

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:37 am

A viral infection is caused by a virus. There are many types of viruses, and they can range from mild to severe. Types of viral infection are contagious and can be transmitted to humans, animals, or plants through contact with contaminated body fluids.

What are Viral Infections?

The viral infections increase due to damp and humid weather and change in weather makes for the perfect environment for viruses to grow. When our immune system is low, the virus attacks us. The low immune system can be because of sedentary life habits, faulty eating habits, overcrowding, or stress. Viral infections produce flu-like symptoms like fever, running nose, cough, body ache and throat pain. 

The symptoms usually last for about five to seven days. Sometimes, the cough can prolong for over 2 weeks. Severe cases of a cough with congestion can develop symptoms like wheezing and shortness of breath. This is usually noticed by people having allergic tendencies. Water-borne diseases are also common in this season and can cause gastroenteritis and viral hepatitis like disorders.

Types of Viral Infections and How to Avoid them

Viral infections are a general classification of diseases that affect the body differently. There are many types of viral infections, including viruses like herpes, influenza, and Zika. But here, we mention common viral infections which occur from season to season.

  1. Malaria: It tops the list of common diseases during monsoon. It is spread by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito which breed in waterlogged areas. Typical symptoms are fever, chills, body pain, and weakness.
  2. Diarrhoea: This commonly occurs during monsoon. It arises because of the ingestion of contaminated water or food. Common symptoms are frequent bowel movements, stomachache, and abdominal cramps. It can be prevented by maintaining proper hygiene like drinking boiled water, washing hands with soap before eating, and washing vegetables before cooking.
  3. Dengue: It is the most notorious disease of the monsoon. It is caused by Aedes mosquito. Common symptoms are high fever, rashes, severe body pain, and weakness.
  4. Typhoid: Typhoid is food and water-borne disease which is common during rains. It is caused by S. Typhi bacteria, characterized by high fever, headache, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, and weakness.
  5. Hepatitis A: It is an acute infection of the liver caused by the Hepatitis A Virus. It spreads through contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected person. Common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, jaundice, dark yellow urine and loss of appetite.
  6. Viral fever: Viral fever can occur all-around the year, but it is most common during a monsoon. It commonly infects children and manifests as mild to high degree fever for 3-5 days, along with cold and cough.
  7. Fungal Infections: Fungal infections become common during monsoons because moisture in the climate favours the growth of fungus in the skin folds like armpits, toes, and inner thighs. Common symptoms are peeling, cracking, redness, blisters, itching or burning of the skin.
  8. Cholera: It is a rare and severe disease which spreads through food and water contaminated by human faeces. It is reported in areas of poor sanitation. It presents itself as diarrhoea, vomiting, dehydration, and extreme weakness.
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You can take certain steps to avoid these diseases like avoid eating from roadsides where you can’t be sure of the water and food used, follow proper hygiene practices, use clean water, and guard yourself against mosquitoes.

How to avoid viral infections?

Viral infections are a general classification of diseases that affect the body uniquely. There are many types of viral infections, including common viruses like herpes, influenza, and Zika. Viruses typically spread through contact with bodily fluids or through an open wound.

  • Viruses are transmitted to the mouth by touching infected surfaces. Frequently wash your hands. Use soap and water or alcohol-based hand gels.
  • Use separate hand towels.
  • Keep a safe distance from anyone who has a viral fever or common cold.
  • Drink boiled and purified water
  • Avoid eating out and one must consume fresh food
  • Avoid getting wet in the rain

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Treatment for viral infections

To help preserve the effectiveness of current antibiotics, experts are looking into rapid diagnostic tools that can determine if the cause of someone’s infection is indeed caused by bacteria. If it’s because of a virus, like the common cold and flu, then no antibiotics should be given.

Still, doctors regularly hand out antibiotics that might do more harm than good, mostly because of a lack of training in infectious diseases. Also, patients demand them.

If doctors could have a quick, easy, and inexpensive way to assure their patients that their symptoms are caused by a virus, the researchers say that will be a step in the right direction.

But right now, it’s not as if a doctor or nurse can tell the difference with a naked eye. “Clinically, it can be very difficult to differentiate between bacterial and viral infections.

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