Stool Culture Test
Stool Culture Test (Stool Culture and Sensitivity Test
Stool culture test is conducted to determine the type of pathogen that is causing abdominal troubles. To identify the bacteria, fungi or viruses causing the infection.
Note: Read test details, FAQs and test conditions before proceeding to booking.
*Home visit collection facility not available for stool culture test.
Stool Culture Test
Stool Culture Test is conducted to determine the type of pathogen that is causing abdominal troubles. The laboratory test is very effective in finding causative reasons behind many intestinal troubles such as bloody diarrhea, vomiting, lack of appetite, etc. Waterborne diseases such as typhoid or cholera to require stool culture tests for an accurate diagnosis.
Diseases caused by pathogens mostly bring about a few common symptoms that are generic and do not relate to any type of illness. However, identifying the exact pathogen causing the disease is crucial to facilitate accurate treatment. Therefore, opting for a stool culture test becomes very essential, as it can identify the exact pathogen with the genotype that is causing the trouble.
When has stool culture test done?
The test is done when a person shows signs and symptoms of an abdominal infection like:
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea that lasts for more than a few days and may contain mucus or blood
- To identify the bacteria, fungi or viruses causing the infection
- To detect whether the treatment is effective
- A test may also be performed to identify carriers. Carriers are people who have had an infection previously but are currently having no illness but can still infect other people.
Why is the stool culture test advised?
Individuals who suffer from frequent diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, severe stomach pain, food poisoning, etc. are mostly ordered to undergo a stool culture test. Sometimes, the test is also ordered to know if a particular treatment for infection has come out with desired results. This test can also be useful in identifying individuals who can be probable carriers of the disease; however, it shows no symptoms.
The procedure involves the collection of stool samples in a clean container that is kept in a laboratory condition for bacterial growth. The sample is then chemically tested; facilitating the identification of pathogens and thus helps doctors to opt for the best treatment options.
Before collecting the stool samples, patients inform doctors about antibiotics or other drugs they may be using. If you have undergone a particular contrast imaging test, informing your doctor about the same is again vital.
If your doctor remains unaware of the above aspects, you may not receive accurate results.
In addition, if you are collecting your sample all by yourself, following the correct procedure is important. A stool sample mixed with urine cannot be used for a stool culture test. If your doctor uses a cotton swab to collect the sample, the slightest of discomfort and pressure may be experienced.
Stool culture and sensitivity test conditions
- Overnight fasting is NOT required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The test result may vary depending on previous health history, etc.
- Home visit collection facility is NOT available for a stool culture test
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Read our Article On; Why Pathology Lab Test Required?
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