Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:48 am
Varicose veins are swollen and twisted veins near the surface of the skin. They often occur in the legs, but can also appear in other areas of the body, such as around the anus and vulva. Varicose veins are a problem because they’re more susceptible to inflammation and infection than normal healthy veins.
What are Varicose Veins?
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Varicose Veins are a condition in which an individual’s veins become swollen and warped or twisted, which is visible on the skin. This condition most often is prevalent in the legs but can occur in any part of the body. Varicose Veins is a common medical condition with a few symptoms and signs. It affects the skin tone and texture for which some people undergo a treatment.
These symptoms might not affect the person seriously, but they can get severe depending on different conditions. Usually, Varicose Veins do not require medical treatment, but if it gets severe, then one needs to see the doctor or undergo surgery, which happens rarely. This condition can be easily diagnosed through physical examinations, but one might need to undergo some medical tests depending upon the severity of the condition.
Varicose Veins Problems
Problems Related to Varicose Veins, Some of the most common problems related to Varicose Veins are;
- Telangiectasias: In this condition, blood vessels form a cluster, mostly on the upper body and face. They appear red and can be caused by many reasons, such as genetic disarray, liver problems, pregnancy, or viral diseases. Although this is not something to worry about, one should consult the doctor if other symptoms accompany it too.
- Spider Veins: This condition of Spider Veins is concerned with the smallest blood vessels called capillaries. They are called spider veins because they develop mostly on legs and face and appear like a spider web. They are a moderate form of telangiectasias and hence do not really need medical treatment.
- Varicoceles: Varicoceles appears in the scrotum region of the male body or over the testicle skin. This condition might cause infertility in males. A doctor should be immediately consulted if such a condition is seen.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
The Varicose Veins is not a serious medical problem unless the patient is going through severe pain and significantly manifested symptoms. There are many symptoms to identify the condition.
- A visible cluster of blue or purple looking veins.
- Frequent leg cramps.
- Shrinking of skin of the ankle because of lipodermatosclerosis (hardening of fat under the ankle skin).
- Veins become tumefy or swollen and warped or twisted.
- Ankles become swollen.
- Throbbing legs.
- Blood clots.
- An unusual amount of bleeding in the affected part with a minor injury.
- Restless leg syndrome.
- Scars like white, irregular patches on the ankle (Atrophic Blanche).
- Redness, itchiness, and dryness on the affected area (stasis dermatitis or venous eczema).
- Skin Discoloration.
- Skin ulcers.
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Causes of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins occur when veins aren’t functioning properly. Veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward. When these valves fail, blood collects in the veins rather than continuing toward your heart. The veins then enlarge. Varicose veins often affect the legs. The veins there are the farthest from your heart, and gravity makes it harder for the blood to flow upward. Some potential causes for varicose veins include:
- age over 50
- standing for long periods of time
- family history of varicose veins
Varicose Veins Precautions
There are some precautions that one can take to relieve the pain caused by Varicose Veins.
- Avoid standing for a longer period.
- Maintain a healthy and balanced weight.
- Sitting with legs straight and uncrossed.
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes.
- Elevating legs while relaxing.
Diagnosing Varicose Vein
- Your doctor will probably examine your legs and visible veins while you’re sitting or standing to diagnose varicose veins. They may ask you about any pain or symptoms you’re having.
- Your doctor may also want to do an ultrasound to check your blood flow. This is a noninvasive test that uses high-frequency sound waves. It allows your doctor to see how blood is flowing in your veins.
- Depending on the location, a venogram may be done to further assess your veins. During this test, your doctor injects a special dye into your legs and takes X-rays of the area. The dye appears on the X-rays, giving your doctor a better view of how your blood is flowing.
Tests such as ultrasounds or venograms help ensure that another disorder like a blood clot or a blockage isn’t causing the pain and swelling in your legs.
Varicose Veins are a condition in which blood vessels get clustered in a part of the body under the skin. The veins appear blue or purple and become swollen and twisted. This condition is often not a serious medical problem, but sometimes, it might need surgery to avoid any serious issue. This can be treated by precautions and medications, but one can undergo surgery to get rid of the texture and view of the clustered veins. The recovery of Varicose Veins is quicker.
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