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Urine Microalbumin Test
The urine microalbumin test helps in checking the functioning of the kidneys and is also called the (ACR) albumin-to-creatinine ratio test, or the urine albumin test.
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Urine Microalbumin Test
Urine microalbumin test or microalbuminuria is the term used to describe an increase in the levels of urine microalbumin. Microalbumin causes are related to the trickling of small quantities of albumin into the urine, which leads to high levels of them in the kidney. The kidneys strain this microalbumin out, as it can cause kidney disease is found in the urine.
Microalbumin is a protein that is present in the blood and is used for cell growth or to repair tissues. The leakage of this in your urine may show kidney damage.
If you see symptoms or face risks of kidney damage, your doctors are likely to advise a microalbuminuria test or urine microalbumin test. It is a urine test that uses a sample of your urine to test the amount of microalbumin present in it.
The kidney plays an important function in discarding toxic products from the blood and maintains water fluid levels in your body.
The microalbuminuria test helps in checking the functioning of the kidneys and is also called the (ACR) albumin-to-creatinine ratio test or the urine albumin test.
Why doctor refer to urine microalbumin test?
If your doctor suspects any problems related to the kidney or you experience any symptoms, the test likely needs to be taken to check for urine microalbumin resulting in microalbuminuria.
Depending on the amount of microalbumin in your urine, the doctor will diagnose the problem.
In case one is diagnosed with microalbuminuria, the doctor will prescribe treatment according to the level of urine microalbumin found. The patient will have to go through several of these tests during the microalbuminuria treatment period until the microalbumin normal range is reached.
You might not witness symptoms in the earlier stages of the kidney disease, however, your urine may be foamy at the later stages. Swelling of hands, feet, abdomen and face are also the worst outcome symptoms.
Those with diabetes or high blood pressure are recommended to get their urine microalbumin test range checked periodically.
Any preparations needed for the urine microalbumin test?
There are no specific guidelines or instructions required for this test. Normal food and liquid intake can be taken before the test unless specified by a doctor.
Other tests usually do along with urine microalbumin test
This test can be taken. A 5-10 ml sample of your urine will be collected. Doctors prescribe a creatinine test to be taken along with this to get more accurate results.
This microalbumin urine test requires you to collect all that you excrete for a whole of 24 hours. You will be given containers to collect your samples for the entire day, post which you should submit them to the laboratory for testing.
- Timed urine microalbumin test
This microalbumin urine test involves you taking samples of your urine test at a timed interval, as suggested by your doctor.
Depending on the results of your test, the doctor will provide suitable microalbuminuria treatment.
Urine microalbumin test normal range
Results of the microalbuminuria test are calculated as milligrams (mg) of protein leakage in your urine during 24 hours.
The results of the test will give you the microalbumin urine range. This helps you figure out whether your urine microalbumin is within the microalbumin normal range or not.
- Above 300 mg/24hrs-Clinical albuminuria
- 30–299 mg/24hrs-Microalbuminuria
- Below 30.0 mg/24hrs-Normal
Some temporary factors that may be causes of high microalbumin in the urine may be;
- blood in your urine
- viral fever
- fresh intense exercise
- A UTI (urinary tract infection)
- Certain medications can also cause deviation from microalbumin normal range
Microalbuminuria test conditions
- Overnight fasting is not required. Talk to your doctor before booking the test.
- A doctor’s prescription may be required
- A previous medical history may be required
- Inform your doctor before the test and follow all of his/her advice.
Urine Microalbumin Test also known as urine microalbumin test, microalbuminuria test, microalbumin test,
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