Non communicable diseases (NCD) are not passed from person to person. They are typical of long duration and progress slowly. The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes. NCDs share several common modifiable risk factors – tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet.
Factual data non communicable diseases
- NCDs are the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that NCDs account for 60% (over 35 million) deaths annually.
- Roughly 80% of NCD related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, where fragile health systems often struggle to meet the population’s most basic health needs.
- WHO estimates that 48% of NCD deaths in low- and middle-income countries occur before 70 years of age, compared with 26% in high-income countries.
- In 2012, all United Nations member countries committed to achieving a 25% reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025 (the 25 x 25 target).
54 Common noncommunicable diseases list
Non-communicable diseases – such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease – were once considered being a problem for high-income countries alone. Yet these diseases now account for more deaths than HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhoea and all other communicable diseases combined.
54 Non-infectious Diseases
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include;
- Cardiovascular disease
- Chronic respiratory disease
Some other noncommunicable diseases commonly affecting people worldwide include;
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease)
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- Bell’s palsy
- Bipolar disorder
- Birth defects
- Cerebral palsy
- Chronic kidney disease
- Chronic pain
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)
- Clotting/bleeding disorders
- Congenital hearing loss
- Cooley’s anemia (also called beta-thalassaemia)
- Crohn’s disease
- Down syndrome
- Fetal alcohol syndrome
- Fragile X syndrome (FXS)
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Jaundice in newborns
- Kidney disease
- Lead poisoning
- Liver disease
- Muscular dystrophy (MD)
- Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS)
- Myelomeningocele (a type of spina bifida)
- Primary thrombocythemia
- Seizure disorder
- Sickle cell anemia
- Sleep disorders
- Systematic lupus erythematosus (also called lupus)
- Systemic sclerosis (also called scleroderma)
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder
- Tourette syndrome (TS)
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- Ulcerative colitis
- Vision impairment
- Von Willebrand disease (VWD)
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