Diseases and Disorders

50 Non Communicable Diseases

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:37 am

Non communicable diseases, also known as NCDs, are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Studies have shown that most deaths from NCDs are preventable by following lifestyle changes. These include eating a healthy diet, stopping smoking and being physically active to maintain a healthy weight.

Non communicable diseases (NCD) are not passed from person to person. They are typical of long duration and progress slowly. The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes. NCDs share several common modifiable risk factors–tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet. 

Non Communicable Diseases: A Global Problem

  • NCDs are the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that NCDs account for 60% (over 35 million) deaths annually.
  • Roughly 80% of NCD related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, where fragile health systems often struggle to meet the population’s most basic health needs.
  • WHO estimates that 48% of NCD deaths in low- and middle-income countries occur before 70 years of age, compared with 26% in high-income countries.
  • In 2012, all United Nations member countries committed to achieving a 25% reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025 (the 25 x 25 target).

50 Common noncommunicable diseases list

Non-communicable diseases–such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease–were once considered being a problem for high-income countries alone. Yet these diseases now account for more deaths than HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhoea and all other communicable diseases combined.

List of 50 Non-infectious Diseases

Non-infectious diseases can be caused by a variety of factors. Some of these factors include unhealthy lifestyles, poor work environments and lack of education. In this article, we will explore 54 non-infectious diseases and what you can do to safeguard yourself from them.

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include;

  1. Cardiovascular disease
  2. Cancer
  3. Chronic respiratory disease
  4. Diabetes

Some other noncommunicable diseases commonly affecting people worldwide include:

  1. Alzheimer’s disease
  2. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease)
  3. Arthritis
  4. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  5. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  6. Bell’s palsy
  7. Bipolar disorder
  8. Birth defects
  9. Cerebral palsy
  10. Chronic kidney disease
  11. Chronic pain
  12. Chronic pancreatitis
  13. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)
  14. Clotting/bleeding disorders
  15. Congenital hearing loss
  16. Cooley’s anemia (also called beta-thalassaemia)
  17. Crohn’s disease
  18. Depression
  19. Down syndrome
  20. Eczema
  21. Epilepsy
  22. Fetal alcohol syndrome
  23. Fibromyalgia
  24. Fragile X syndrome (FXS)
  25. Hemochromatosis
  26. Haemophilia
  27. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  28. Insomnia
  29. Jaundice in newborns
  30. Kidney disease
  31. Lead poisoning
  32. Liver disease
  33. Muscular dystrophy (MD)
  34. Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS)
  35. Myelomeningocele (a type of spina bifida)
  36. Obesity
  37. Primary thrombocythemia
  38. Psoriasis
  39. Seizure disorder
  40. Sickle cell anemia
  41. Sleep disorders
  42. Stress
  43. Systematic lupus erythematosus (also called lupus)
  44. Systemic sclerosis (also called scleroderma)
  45. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder
  46. Tourette syndrome (TS)
  47. Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  48. Ulcerative colitis
  49. Vision impairment
  50. Von Willebrand disease (VWD)

Read about: Impact of climate change on health

Sources: Healthline

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