Angina is a medical condition that causes chest pain or discomfort due to reduced blood flow to the heart. It is usually caused by atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts blood flow.
Types of Angina
There are several types of angina:
- Stable angina: This is the most common type of angina and occurs when the heart is working harder than usual, such as during exercise or physical activity.
- Unstable angina: This type of angina is more serious and occurs when the blood flow to the heart is severely restricted, and can occur even when a person is at rest.
- Variant angina: Also known as Prinzmetal's angina, this type of angina is caused by a spasm in the coronary arteries, which can restrict blood flow to the heart.
Symptoms of angina include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, fatigue, and a feeling of pressure or tightness in the chest. The pain may also radiate to the neck, jaw, shoulders, back, or arms.
Angina can be managed with medications, lifestyle changes, and medical procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery. It's important to seek medical attention if you experience chest pain or other symptoms of angina, as it can be a sign of a more serious heart condition such as a heart attack.
What is Angina Pectoris?
Angina pectoris, commonly referred to as angina, is a medical condition that causes chest pain or discomfort due to reduced blood flow to the heart. The term “pectoris” refers to the chest area, where the pain or discomfort is typically felt.
Angina pectoris is usually caused by atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts blood flow. This can cause the heart muscle to receive less oxygen and nutrients, leading to chest pain or discomfort.
The symptoms of angina pectoris can vary in intensity and may include:
- Chest pain or discomfort: This is the most common symptom of angina, and is often described as a pressure, squeezing, or burning sensation in the chest.
- Pain in other areas of the body: The pain may also be felt in the arms, shoulders, neck, jaw, or back.
- Shortness of breath: Some people may experience difficulty breathing or feel as though they are running out of breath.
- Nausea or vomiting: Some people may also experience nausea or vomiting along with chest pain.
There are several types of angina pectoris, including stable angina, unstable angina, and variant angina. The treatment for angina pectoris depends on the type and severity of the condition, but may include medications to manage symptoms and improve blood flow, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and a heart-healthy diet, and medical procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery.
It's important to seek medical attention if you experience chest pain or other symptoms of angina pectoris, as it can be a sign of a more serious heart condition such as a heart attack.
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