Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a group of diseases that are not caused by infectious agents or pathogens and cannot be transmitted from one person to another. These diseases are chronic and long-lasting, often developing over years and sometimes for a lifetime. NCDs are responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide, and their prevalence is increasing rapidly, especially in developing countries.
The List of Non-Communicable Diseases
The list of non-communicable diseases includes:
- Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs): These are diseases of the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, and high blood pressure.
- Cancer: Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body. Common types of cancer include lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer.
- Chronic respiratory diseases: These are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and occupational lung diseases.
- Diabetes: Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body uses glucose (blood sugar). Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, while type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance and insufficient insulin production.
- Neurological disorders: These are disorders of the brain and nervous system, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy.
- Kidney diseases: These are diseases of the kidney, including chronic kidney disease, kidney failure, and kidney stones.
- Liver diseases: These are diseases of the liver, including hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
- Digestive diseases: These are diseases of the digestive system, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), celiac disease, and peptic ulcers.
- Musculoskeletal disorders: These are disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, and other connective tissues, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis.
- Mental and behavioural disorders: These are disorders of the brain that affect mood, behaviour, and cognition, including depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.
- Oral diseases: These are diseases of the teeth, gums, and oral cavity, including tooth decay, gum disease, and oral cancer.
- Eye diseases: These are diseases of the eye, including cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration.
Role of healthcare nt sickcare in non-communicable disease diagnosis
healthcare nt sickcare play a crucial role in the diagnosis of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs are chronic diseases that are not caused by infections. They are caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. NCDs are the leading cause of death and disability in the world.
healthcare nt sickcare offers a wide range of diagnostic tests that can help detect NCDs, including:
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Imaging tests
- Biopsy tests
healthcare nt sickcare also offers a variety of services that can help patients manage NCDs, including:
- Online consultations with panel doctors and specialists
- Health education and resources (health articles)
By providing accessible and affordable diagnostic testing and care, healthcare nt sickcare are helping to improve the early diagnosis and management of NCDs in India.
Here are some specific examples of how healthcare nt sickcare is helping to diagnose NCDs:
- healthcare nt sickcare offers a comprehensive blood test called the Monsoon Essential Panel that can help detect a range of NCDs, including malaria, dengue fever, and typhoid fever.
- healthcare nt sickcare also offers a home collection service for blood and urine tests, making it easier for patients to get tested, especially those who live in remote areas.
- healthcare nt sickcare offers online consultations with doctors and specialists, which can help patients get a diagnosis and treatment plan without having to travel to a doctor's office.
- healthcare nt sickcare also offers health education and resources, such as articles and videos on NCDs, to help patients learn more about their condition and how to manage it.
By providing these services, healthcare nt sickcare are helping to make NCD diagnosis and care more accessible and affordable for people in India.
What is the Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition that causes extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. These mood swings can be dramatic and can have a significant impact on a person's life.
3 Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are three main types of bipolar disorder:
- Bipolar I disorder is characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Mania is a period of abnormally elevated mood, energy, and activity levels. People with mania may feel euphoric, irritable, or restless. They may also have trouble sleeping, make impulsive decisions, and have racing thoughts. Depression is a period of low mood, energy, and interest in activities. People with depression may feel sad, hopeless, and worthless. They may also have trouble sleeping, have changes in appetite, and lose interest in sex.
- Bipolar II disorder is characterized by episodes of hypomania and depression. Hypomania is a less severe form of mania. People with hypomania may feel more energetic, productive, and creative than usual. They may also have trouble sleeping, have increased activity levels, and be more talkative than usual. However, they do not experience the same level of impairment as people with mania.
- Cyclothymic disorder is characterized by periods of hypomania and mild depression that last for at least two years. People with cyclothymic disorder may experience mood swings that are less severe than those experienced by people with bipolar I or II disorder. However, the mood swings can still have a significant impact on their lives.
The cause of bipolar disorder is not fully understood. However, it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no cure for bipolar disorder, but it can be managed with medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. With treatment, people with bipolar disorder can live full and productive lives.
If you think you or someone you know may have bipolar disorder, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Treatment for bipolar disorder typically involves a combination of medication and therapy. Medications can help to stabilize mood and reduce the severity of mood swings. Therapy can help people with bipolar disorder to learn how to manage their symptoms and cope with the challenges of the disorder.
If you are struggling with bipolar disorder, there are resources available to help you. You can find support groups, online forums, and other resources through the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) and the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA). You can also talk to your doctor about other treatment options that may be right for you.
Is Bipolar Disorder Falls in the NCDs?
Yes, bipolar disorder is considered a non-communicable disease (NCD). NCDs are diseases that are not caused by infections. They are caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. NCDs are the leading cause of death and disability in the world.
Bipolar disorder is not the only mental health condition that is considered an NCD. Other mental health conditions that are considered NCDs include depression, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia.
Mental health conditions are important to consider when addressing NCDs. This is because people with mental health conditions are more likely to develop NCDs, and NCDs can worsen mental health conditions. For example, people with depression are more likely to develop heart disease, and people with heart disease are more likely to experience depression.
By addressing both mental health conditions and NCDs, we can improve the health and well-being of people around the world.
Common Travel Diseases
Here are some of the most common infectious diseases that travellers risk contracting:
- Food poisoning - caused by eating contaminated food or water. Symptoms include diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever.
- Traveler's diarrhea - Caused by E. coli or norovirus from contaminated food or water. Diarrhea, nausea, cramping.
- Malaria - Parasitic infection spread by mosquitos. Flu-like fever, chills, headache.
- Dengue - Mosquito-borne viral disease causing high fever, rash, and muscle/joint pain.
- Chikungunya - Virus spread by mosquitos leading to fever, joint pain, headache, rash.
- Yellow fever - Flu-like viral disease transmitted by mosquitos. Causes fever, chills, and nausea.
- Hepatitis A - Viral liver infection spread through contaminated food/water. Fatigue, nausea, fever, jaundice.
- Typhoid - Bacterial infection from contaminated food/water causing fever, weakness, and abdominal pain.
- Measles - A highly contagious viral infection. Fever, cough, rash, conjunctivitis.
- Influenza - Exposure to flu viruses. Fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches.
Getting appropriate vaccinations, taking antimalarials if needed, practising good hygiene and food safety, and avoiding insects can help prevent many travel-related illnesses.
Non-communicable diseases are chronic and long-lasting diseases that are responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide. This article provides a comprehensive list of the top non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, neurological disorders, and more. healthcare nt sickcare play a crucial role in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of these diseases through diagnostic tests, health check-up packages, online consultations, and expert advice from doctors and specialists. Early detection of NCDs can help patients manage their condition and prevent it from worsening, and our convenient online booking system makes healthcare accessible and convenient for everyone.
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