Understanding Hair Fall Causes, Prevention, and Solutions healthcare nt sickcare

What is Alopecia? List of 10 Lab Tests for Hair Fall

Hair fall, also known as hair loss or alopecia, is a common concern for many individuals. Whether it's a few strands in the shower or excessive shedding, experiencing hair fall can be distressing. 

In this article, we will explore the causes of hair fall, discuss preventive measures, and provide solutions to promote healthy hair growth. At healthcare nt sickcare, we understand the importance of hair health, and our comprehensive lab testing services can help assess and address underlying factors contributing to hair fall.

What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a medical term used to describe hair loss or baldness. It is a condition that can affect both men and women of all ages. Alopecia can occur on the scalp or other parts of the body where hair is normally present.

There are several types of alopecia, including:

  1. Androgenetic Alopecia: Also known as male pattern baldness or female pattern hair loss, androgenetic alopecia is the most common type. It is typically characterized by a gradual thinning of the hair on the scalp, which may eventually lead to partial or complete baldness. It is influenced by genetic and hormonal factors.
  2. Alopecia Areata: This type of alopecia involves patchy hair loss on the scalp or other areas of the body. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing the hair to fall out. In some cases, the hair may regrow on its own, while in others, it may not.
  3. Traction Alopecia: Traction alopecia is caused by excessive tension or pulling on the hair over time. It commonly occurs due to tight hairstyles such as ponytails, braids, or cornrows. Continuous tension on the hair follicles can lead to hair breakage and thinning.
  4. Telogen Effluvium: This type of alopecia is characterized by excessive hair shedding. It occurs when a significant number of hair follicles enter the resting phase (telogen) prematurely, resulting in hair loss. Telogen effluvium can be triggered by various factors such as physical or emotional stress, hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, or certain medications.
  5. Alopecia Universalis: Alopecia universalis is a rare form of alopecia that results in the complete loss of hair on the scalp and body, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and other body hair.

The exact cause of alopecia is not always clear and can vary depending on the type. It can be influenced by a combination of genetic, hormonal, autoimmune, and environmental factors. Diagnosis and treatment of alopecia typically involve consultation with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional specializing in hair loss disorders.

While there is no cure for alopecia, treatment options are available to manage the condition and promote hair regrowth. These may include medications, topical treatments, laser therapy, hair transplant procedures, or supportive measures such as wearing wigs or using cosmetic camouflage techniques.

If you are experiencing hair loss or have concerns about alopecia, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in dermatology or hair disorders. They can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop a personalized treatment plan based on your specific condition and needs.

What are the Causes of Hair Fall?

Hair fall can be attributed to various factors, including:

  1. Genetics: Family history plays a significant role in determining the predisposition to hair loss. If your parents or close relatives experienced hair loss, you may be more likely to experience it as well.
  2. Hormonal ChangesHormonal imbalances, such as those associated with thyroid disorders or fluctuations in androgen levels, can contribute to hair fall.
  3. Nutritional Deficiencies: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients, including vitamins (such as Biotin and Vitamin D), minerals (such as Iron and Zinc), and proteins, can affect hair health and lead to hair fall.
  4. Stress and Lifestyle: Chronic stress, poor sleep patterns, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption can all impact hair health and contribute to hair fall.
  5. Medical Conditions and Treatments: Certain medical conditions like alopecia areata, scalp infections, autoimmune disorders, and side effects of medications (e.g., chemotherapy) can cause hair loss.

How to Prevent Hair Fall?

While complete prevention of hair fall may not always be possible, adopting the following practices can help maintain healthy hair:

  1. Maintain a Nutritious Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Include foods that promote hair health, such as eggs, fatty fish, nuts, seeds, and leafy greens.
  2. Practice Good Hair Care: Use gentle shampoos and conditioners suitable for your hair type. Avoid excessive heat styling, harsh chemicals, and tight hairstyles that can damage hair follicles.
  3. Avoid Stress and Practice Relaxation Techniques: Engage in stress-reducing activities like exercise, meditation, yoga, or hobbies to manage stress levels effectively.
  4. Protect Your Hair: Shield your hair from excessive sun exposure, heat, and pollution by wearing hats or scarves when outdoors.
  5. Handle Hair with Care: Avoid pulling, tugging, or vigorously brushing wet hair, as it can lead to breakage. Use a wide-toothed comb or a brush with soft bristles to detangle gently.

Solutions for Hair Fall

While treating underlying causes of hair fall may require medical intervention, the following solutions can aid in promoting healthy hair growth:

  1. Topical Treatments: Over-the-counter or prescription-based topical treatments, such as minoxidil, can help stimulate hair growth and slow down hair loss.
  2. Nutritional Supplements: Consult a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to assess and address any nutritional deficiencies. They may recommend supplements to support hair health.
  3. Medical Procedures: Advanced medical procedures like platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and hair transplantation can be considered for severe hair loss cases. These procedures should be performed by qualified healthcare professionals.
  4. Hair Care Products: Look for hair care products containing ingredients like biotin, keratin, or natural extracts that promote hair growth and strengthen the hair shafts.
  5. Regular Lab Testing: At healthcare nt sickcare, we offer comprehensive lab testing services to assess factors that contribute to hair fall. Tests such as thyroid function, hormonal profile, and nutrient levels can provide valuable insights for personalized treatment approaches.

What is PRP Hair Fall Solution?

PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) hair fall solution is a medical procedure used to promote hair growth and treat hair loss. It involves using a patient's blood to extract platelet-rich plasma, which is then injected into the scalp.

Here's how the PRP hair fall solution works:

  1. Preparation: A small amount of the patient's blood is drawn and placed in a centrifuge machine. The machine spins the blood at high speed, separating the platelet-rich plasma from other components of the blood.
  2. Extraction of Platelet-Rich Plasma: The separated platelet-rich plasma, which is rich in growth factors and healing properties, is collected and prepared for injection.
  3. Scalp Preparation: The scalp is cleaned and numbed using a local anaesthetic to minimize discomfort during the procedure.
  4. PRP Injection: The prepared platelet-rich plasma is carefully injected into the areas of the scalp that are experiencing hair loss or thinning. The injections are strategically placed to stimulate hair follicles and promote hair growth.
  5. Post-Treatment Care: After the PRP hair fall solution, patients may experience mild redness or swelling at the injection sites, but this usually subsides within a few days. The patient can resume their regular activities immediately after the procedure.

The platelet-rich plasma injected into the scalp helps stimulate hair follicles, increase blood circulation, and promote the growth of new hair strands. It provides nourishment and rejuvenation to the hair follicles, which can improve hair density, thickness, and overall hair quality.

PRP hair fall solution is typically performed as a series of treatments spaced several weeks apart to achieve optimal results. The number of sessions required varies depending on the individual and the severity of hair loss. Patients may start to notice improvements in hair growth within a few months of starting the treatment.

It's important to note that PRP hair fall solution should be performed by qualified healthcare professionals who have expertise in the procedure. They can assess the individual's specific condition and determine whether PRP is a suitable treatment option.

If you are considering PRP hair fall solution, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in hair restoration or dermatology. They can provide personalized advice and guidance based on your unique needs and goals.

Can stress cause hair fall?

Yes, chronic stress can disrupt the hair growth cycle and lead to excessive hair fall. Managing stress through relaxation techniques and self-care practices can help minimize hair loss.

Is hair fall reversible?

Depending on the underlying cause, hair fall can be reversible. Identifying and addressing the root cause, along with adopting healthy hair care practices, can promote regrowth and prevent further hair loss.

Can nutritional deficiencies cause hair fall? 

Yes, inadequate intake of essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and proteins can impact hair health and contribute to hair fall. Ensuring a balanced diet and addressing any deficiencies can support healthy hair growth.

How long does it take to see results when addressing hair fall?

The timeline for visible results varies for each individual and depends on the underlying cause, treatment approach, and consistency in implementing hair care practices. It's important to be patient and give the treatments time to take effect.

How to Prevent Hair Fall for Females?

Hair fall can be a common concern for females, but several preventive measures can help maintain healthy hair. Here are some tips to prevent hair fall in females:

  1. Follow a nutritious diet: Eating a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats is crucial for maintaining hair health. Include foods rich in vitamins A, C, E, and B-complex, as well as minerals like iron, zinc, and biotin, which are essential for healthy hair growth.
  2. Avoid excessive heat and styling: Limit the use of heat styling tools such as straighteners, curling irons, and hair dryers, as excessive heat can damage the hair shafts and lead to hair fall. If you must use heat styling tools, use them on the lowest heat setting and apply a heat protectant spray beforehand.
  3. Be gentle with wet hair: Wet hair is more vulnerable to breakage, so avoid brushing or combing it immediately after washing. Instead, use a wide-toothed comb or your fingers to detangle gently. Pat dry your hair with a soft towel instead of rubbing it vigorously.
  4. Choose gentle hair care products: Opt for mild shampoos and conditioners that are suitable for your hair type. Avoid using harsh chemical-based products that can strip away natural oils and cause damage. Look for products that are free from sulfates, parabens, and synthetic fragrances.
  5. Avoid tight hairstyles: Avoid hairstyles that pull tightly on the hair, such as tight ponytails, braids, buns, or extensions. These styles can cause tension in the hair follicles, leading to hair breakage and traction alopecia. Opt for loose hairstyles or let your hair down whenever possible.
  6. Protect your hair from the sun: Protect your hair from harmful UV rays by wearing a hat or scarf when exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods. You can also use hair products that contain UV filters for added protection.
  7. Manage stress: High levels of stress can contribute to hair fall. Practice stress management techniques such as regular exercise, meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in hobbies that help you relax and unwind.
  8. Avoid excessive chemical treatments: Limit the use of harsh chemical treatments like perming, straightening, or colouring, as they can weaken the hair and lead to breakage. If you must undergo chemical treatments, ensure they are performed by a professional and follow proper aftercare routines.
  9. Keep the scalp clean: Maintain good scalp hygiene by regularly washing your hair to remove excess oil, dirt, and product buildup. However, avoid over-washing, as it can strip away natural oils and cause dryness. Find a balance that suits your hair type and scalp condition.
  10. Consult a healthcare professional: If you are experiencing significant hair loss, it is advisable to consult with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional specializing in hair disorders. They can evaluate your condition, identify any underlying causes, and provide appropriate guidance and treatment options.

Remember that hair fall can occur naturally to some extent due to the hair growth cycle, but if you notice excessive shedding or significant changes in your hair density, it's best to seek professional advice for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

How to Prevent Hair Fall for Males?

Hair fall in males can be a common concern, but there are steps you can take to help prevent or minimize it. Here are some tips to help prevent hair fall in males:

  1. Maintain a healthy diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in nutrients is important for hair health. Include foods high in vitamins A, C, E, and B-complex, as well as minerals like iron, zinc, and selenium. Consume adequate protein, as hair is primarily made of protein.
  2. Practice good hair hygiene: Avoid harsh hair treatments, excessive heat styling, and chemical products that can damage the hair follicles. Use mild shampoos and conditioners suitable for your hair type and avoid frequent washing. Be gentle when combing or brushing wet hair to prevent breakage.
  3. Manage stress: High-stress levels can contribute to hair fall. Practice stress management techniques such as regular exercise, meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in hobbies to reduce stress.
  4. Avoid tight hairstyles: Avoid hairstyles that pull on the hair, such as tight ponytails, braids, or buns. Constant tension on the hair follicles can lead to traction alopecia and hair breakage. Opt for looser hairstyles or let your hair down whenever possible.
  5. Protect your hair from the sun: Overexposure to the sun's harmful rays can weaken the hair shafts. Wear a hat or use a sunscreen spray specifically designed for the hair when spending prolonged periods in the sun.
  6. Be cautious with hair products: Certain hair styling products, gels, mousses, and sprays may contain chemicals that can damage the hair or clog the scalp. Use minimal amounts of products and choose those that are gentle and free from harsh chemicals.
  7. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to hair loss. Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol intake can promote overall health, including the health of your hair.
  8. Maintain scalp health: Keep your scalp clean and free from excess oil and buildup. Regularly wash your hair with a gentle shampoo and consider using a mild conditioner to keep the scalp moisturized. Avoid scratching or vigorously rubbing the scalp, as it can damage the hair follicles.
  9. Get regular exercise: Regular physical activity improves blood circulation, which can promote a healthy scalp and hair growth.
  10. Consult a healthcare professional: If you are experiencing significant hair loss or are concerned about it, it is advisable to consult with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional specializing in hair disorders. They can evaluate your condition, determine the underlying cause, and provide appropriate treatment options or recommendations.

Remember that everyone's hair is unique, and it is natural to lose some hair daily. However, if you notice excessive hair fall or significant changes in your hair density, it is best to seek professional advice for proper diagnosis and treatment.

What Are The Tests To Be Done To Diagnose Hair Loss?

There are a few lab tests that can help evaluate potential causes of hair fall or hair loss:

  1. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    • This test can detect anemia, which is a common cause of hair loss. It measures red blood cell count, hemoglobin levels, and other blood components.
  2. Iron Studies
    • Tests like serum ferritin, serum iron, and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) can assess iron deficiency, which is a leading cause of hair shedding in women.
  3. Thyroid Function Tests
    • Conditions like hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) can lead to hair loss. Tests like TSH, T4, and T3 levels are done.
  4. Vitamin and Mineral Levels
    • Deficiencies in vitamins like vitamin D, B12, zinc, and protein can contribute to hair loss. Tests can measure levels of these nutrients.
  5. Hormone Tests
    • In women, hormonal imbalances like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or menopause can trigger hair shedding. Tests may include testosterone, estrogen, prolactin, and others.
  6. Autoimmune Markers
    • Conditions like alopecia areata (patchy hair loss) or lupus can cause hair loss due to an autoimmune reaction. Tests look for specific antibodies.
  7. Trichogram or Hair Pluck Test
    • This test examines hair roots under a microscope to assess the hair growth cycle and identify any abnormalities.
  8. Scalp Biopsy
    • In some cases, a small skin sample from the scalp may be examined under a microscope to diagnose conditions like scarring alopecia or fungal infections.

It's important to note that lab tests alone may not provide a definitive diagnosis, and your doctor may recommend additional tests or evaluations based on your medical history, symptoms, and physical examination findings.

How-To Booking Lab Test Online at healthcare nt sickcare?

Taking proactive steps to assess your hair health can be beneficial. Here's how you can book lab tests online at healthcare nt sickcare:

  1. Visit the healthcare nt sickcare website: healthcarentsickcare.com.
  2. Explore the available lab tests and select the ones related to hair health, such as thyroid function tests, hormonal profile tests, and nutrient level tests.
  3. Add the selected tests to your cart and proceed to checkout.
  4. Provide the necessary details, including your personal information and preferred testing location.
  5. Review your order and make the payment securely.
  6. After successful booking, you will receive a confirmation with instructions for sample collection.
  7. A healthcare professional will collect the samples at your chosen location or arrange a home visit if the total test charges exceed ₹999.
  8. The collected samples will be processed at our in-house medical laboratory or associated NABL-certified external laboratories.
  9. Once the testing is complete, you will receive the lab test reports within 6 to 48 hours through a secure online portal or email.

List of 10 Lab Tests for Hair Fall

When addressing hair fall concerns, various lab tests can help identify underlying causes or contributing factors. Here is a list of lab tests commonly recommended for investigating hair fall:

  1. Complete Blood Count (CBC): A CBC test measures the levels of different blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can detect conditions like anaemia or infections that may contribute to hair loss.
  2. Thyroid Function Tests: These tests assess the levels of thyroid hormones (TSH, T3, T4) to evaluate thyroid gland function. Thyroid imbalances, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, can cause hair loss.
  3. Iron and Ferritin Levels: Iron deficiency is a common cause of hair loss. Testing iron levels (serum iron) and ferritin (a protein that stores iron) can help determine if iron deficiency is a contributing factor.
  4. Hormone Panel: A hormone panel may include tests for hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA-S, and cortisol. Hormonal imbalances, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can contribute to hair loss in women.
  5. Vitamin and Mineral Levels: Testing for vitamin and mineral deficiencies can help identify if low levels of nutrients like vitamin D, vitamin B12, zinc, or biotin are contributing to hair loss.
  6. C-reactive Protein (CRP): CRP is a marker of inflammation. Elevated CRP levels may indicate underlying inflammatory conditions that could contribute to hair loss.
  7. Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) Test: ANA test helps detect autoimmune diseases like lupus, which can cause hair loss.
  8. Fungal Culture: Fungal infection of the scalp, such as ringworm, can lead to hair loss. Fungal culture can identify the presence of fungi.
  9. Trichogram: A trichogram is a microscopic examination of hair samples to assess hair density, hair shaft abnormalities, and the ratio of growing to rest hairs.
  10. Scalp Biopsy: In certain cases, a scalp biopsy may be recommended to examine the scalp tissue for any underlying conditions or disorders affecting hair follicles.

It's important to note that the specific tests needed may vary depending on an individual's symptoms, medical history, and the healthcare provider's assessment. Consulting with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional specializing in hair disorders can help determine the most appropriate tests for evaluating hair fall concerns.


Hair fall can be a distressing experience, but with proper understanding, preventive measures, and targeted solutions, it is possible to promote healthy hair growth. By adopting a holistic approach that includes a balanced diet, stress management, gentle hair care practices, and comprehensive lab testing, you can take control of your hair health. At healthcare nt sickcare, we are committed to providing convenient and reliable lab testing services to empower patients in their healthcare journey. Book lab tests online at healthcarentsickcare.com and takes a step towards understanding and addressing your hair fall concerns.


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