Pregnancy and Prenatal Care

How Anemia During Pregnancy Affects Both Mother and Baby?

Last updated on January 27th, 2023 at 12:26 pm

One of the most common problems of pregnant women is anemia. Anemia during pregnancy occurs when there are not enough iron or red blood cells in the body. Anemia during pregnancy affects both mother and baby. 

Pregnancy can get many progressions in a lady’s life. These months require the most extreme consideration to guarantee the legitimate wellbeing of the unborn child. It is a wonderful adventure for nine months. Each pregnancy is unique in relation to the next. There are various things that a lady may understand during pregnancy, while others may not. Frailty can likewise create during pregnancy. A lady is in a higher danger of pallor during pregnancy.

Anemia During Pregnancy

A female body requires additional blood for the advancement of the unborn infant. However, if she doesn’t devour a solid eating regimen wealthy in iron, she may encounter sickliness during pregnancy. Minor paleness can be controlled, which makes a pregnant lady feel drained and exhausted constantly. On the off chance that it is serious and not treated on schedule, it can prompt untimely birth or low birth weight of the child.

Causes Of Anemia
How is Anemia Occurs?

8 Symptoms of anemia in pregnancy

The discovery of early indications can help in controlling weakness on schedule. It can help to diminish the plausibility of any difficulty in pregnancy. On the off chance that you experience any of these indications, get yourself tried with the goal that you can play it safe on schedule. Side effects of iron deficiency during pregnancy incorporate;

Indications of frailty in pregnancy

  1. The feeling of tiredness and weakness all the time
  2. Dizziness
  3. Fatigue
  4. Irregular heartbeat
  5. Chest pain
  6. Headache
  7. Pale skin, lips, and nails
  8. Shortness of breath

6 Risk factors of anemia during pregnancy

There are many variables that can expand the danger of paleness during pregnancy. The following are a few elements that can put you in a higher danger of creating paleness.

Risk components of weakness during pregnancy

  1. Not enough gap between two pregnancies
  2. Not eating iron-rich foods
  3. You are pregnant with multiples
  4. Morning sickness is hitting you frequently
  5. History of anemia
  6. Experienced heavy period flow before getting pregnant

5 Ways to prevent anemia during pregnancy

To forestall weakness during pregnancy, you should be cautious around a couple of things and make the essential changes.

Approaches to forestall paleness during pregnancy

  1. Add foods rich in iron to your diet
  2. Along with iron vitamin C, as well as it helps in better absorption of iron
  3. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also be present. Add supplements as per your doctor’s recommendation.
  4. You can get yourself tested and get iron supplements added to your diet by your doctor
  5. Also, eat a healthy and balanced diet

Blood test for anemia during pregnancy

During your first prenatal appointment, you’ll get a blood test so your doctor can check whether you have anemia. Blood tests typically include a hemoglobin test. It measures the amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to tissues in the body. Hemogram test It measures the percentage of red blood cells in a sample of blood and other components.

If you have lower than normal levels of hemoglobin or hematocrit, you may have iron-deficiency anemia. Your doctor may check other blood tests to determine if you have iron deficiency or another cause for your anemia.

Even if you don’t have anemia at the beginning of your pregnancy, your doctor will most likely recommend that you get another blood test to check for anemia in your second or third trimester.

How to prevent anemia during pregnancy?

In most cases, anemia is preventable during pregnancy. Here are 5 best ways to make sure you’re getting the vitamins and minerals to keep your red blood cell levels in the right range.

5 Better ways to prevent anemia during pregnancy

  1. Eat iron-rich foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried beans, and fortified grains. The form of iron in meat products, called heme, is more easily absorbed than the iron in vegetables. If you are anemic and you ordinarily eat meat, increasing the amount of meat you consume is the easiest way to increase the iron your body receives.
  2. Eat foods high in folic acids, such as dried beans, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, and orange juice.
  3. Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and fresh vegetables.
  4. Cooking with cast-iron pots can add up to 80 percent more iron to your food.
  5. Take your prenatal multivitamin and mineral pill, which contains extra folate.

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