Wellness and Lifestyle

21 Long Term Side Effects of Oral Contraceptives

Last updated on January 26th, 2023 at 01:29 pm

Long-term Side Effects of Oral Contraceptives: What You Need to Know

Introduction Oral contraceptives, also known as birth control pills, are a popular and effective method of birth control. However, it’s important to be aware of the potential long-term side effects of taking oral contraceptives. In this article, we’ll discuss the most common long-term side effects of oral contraceptives and what you can do to minimize them.

21 Long Term Side Effects of Oral Contraceptives

  1. Increased Risk of Blood Clots: Oral contraceptives can increase the risk of blood clots, which can be dangerous or even fatal. The risk of blood clots is highest in women who smoke or have a history of blood clots. If you have these risk factors, it may be best to choose a different form of birth control.
  2. Increased Risk of Breast Cancer: Some studies have shown that long-term use of oral contraceptives can increase the risk of breast cancer. However, other studies have shown no increased risk. It’s important to talk to your doctor about your individual risk factors for breast cancer and whether oral contraceptives are the right choice for you.
  3. Risk of Heart Attack or Stroke: Oral contraceptives can also increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, especially in women who smoke or have high blood pressure.
  4. Risk of Gallbladder Disease: Oral contraceptives can lead to the development of gallbladder disease, which can cause pain and discomfort.
  5. Risk of Liver Tumours: There is a small risk of liver tumours with the use of oral contraceptives.
  6. Risk of Depression: Some women may experience depression or mood changes while taking oral contraceptives. If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to talk to your doctor.
  7. Risk of Headaches: Oral contraceptives can cause headaches in some women. If you experience headaches while taking oral contraceptives, it’s important to talk to your doctor.
  8. Risk of Nausea: Nausea is a common side effect of oral contraceptives.
  9. Risk of Vaginal Bleeding: Oral contraceptives can cause irregular vaginal bleeding.
  10. Risk of Weight Gain: Weight gain is a possible side effect of oral contraceptives.
  11. Risk of Changes in Libido: Oral contraceptives can cause changes in libido in some women.
  12. Risk of Acne: Acne is a possible side effect of oral contraceptives.
  13. Risk of Hirsutism: Oral contraceptives can cause hirsutism, a condition that results in excessive hair growth.
  14. Risk of Melasma: Oral contraceptives can cause melasma, a condition that results in dark patches on the skin.
  15. Risk of Yeast Infections: Oral contraceptives can cause yeast infections in some women.
  16. Risk of Vaginal Yeast Infections: Oral contraceptives can cause vaginal yeast infections in some women.
  17. Risk of UTI: Oral contraceptives can cause UTI (Urinary Tract Infections) in some women.
  18. Risk of Osteoporosis: Long-term use of oral contraceptives may increase the risk of osteoporosis.
  19. Risk of Infertility: Oral contraceptives can affect fertility, and it may take some time for fertility to return after stopping the pill.
  20. Risk of Interaction with other Medications: It is important to talk to your doctor about any other medications you’re taking, as oral contraceptives can interact with certain drugs.
  21. Risk of cervical cancer: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Conclusion

Oral contraceptives are an effective form of birth control, but they do have potential long-term side effects. If you’re considering taking oral contraceptives, it’s important to talk to your doctor about your individual risk factors and any concerns you may have. Your doctor can help you weigh the benefits and risks of oral contraceptives and determine if they’re the right choice for you.

It’s also important to note that these risks may vary with the type of oral contraceptive you are using, as there are various formulations and dosages available.

To minimize the risk of long-term side effects, it’s important to use oral contraceptives as directed and to have regular check-ups with your doctor. If you experience any unusual symptoms or side effects while taking oral contraceptives, it’s important to report them to your doctor right away.

In general, it is important to have an open and honest conversation with your healthcare provider about your health and any concerns you may have. They will be able to provide personalized advice and guidance based on your individual circumstances and medical history.

In conclusion, oral contraceptives are a popular and effective form of birth control, but it’s important to be aware of the potential long-term side effects. By working closely with your healthcare provider, you can minimize your risk of side effects and make an informed decision about whether oral contraceptives are the right choice for you.

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