Typhoid
Share on whatsapp
Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Typhoid is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). Click To Tweet

Typhoid Fever

It’s not the same bacterium that causes the foodborne illness Salmonella. Its main method of transmission is the oral-fecal route, generally spreading in contaminated water or food. It can also be passed through direct contact with an infected person. Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that easily spreads through contaminated water and food. Along with high fever, it can cause abdominal pains headache and loss of appetite. With treatment, most people make a full recovery. But untreated typhoid can lead to life-threatening complications.

Widal Test in Pune at ₹149.00Typhidot Test in Pune at ₹499.00

How Do People Get Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid fever is contracted by drinking or eating the bacteria in contaminated food or water. People with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through stool, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. Contamination of the water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. The bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

About 3%-5% of people become carriers of the bacteria after the acute illness. Others suffer a very mild illness that goes unrecognized. These people may become long-term carriers of the bacteria even though they have no symptoms and be the source of new outbreaks of typhoid fever for many years.

What Are the Symptoms of Typhoid Fever?

The incubation period is usually 1-2 weeks, and the duration of the illness is about 3-4 weeks. Symptoms are;

  • Poor appetite
  • Headaches
  • Generalized aches and pains
  • Fever as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Lethargy
  • Diarrhea

Chest congestion develops in many people, and abdominal pain and discomfort are common. The fever becomes constant. Improvement occurs in the third and fourth week in those without complications. About 10% of people have recurrent symptoms after feeling better for one to two weeks. Relapses are actually more common in individuals treated with antibiotics

Know About ELECTROLYTES

Complications of Typhoid

Serious complications are rare but can include intestinal bleeding or perforations in the intestine. This can lead to life-threatening bloodstream infection (sepsis). Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain.

Other complications are:

  • pneumonia
  • kidney or bladder infection
  • pancreatitis
  • myocarditis
  • endocarditis
  • meningitis
  • delirium, hallucinations, paranoid psychosis

Learn About FERTILITY 

Typhoid Tests And Typhoid Diagnosis

  • Typhidot Test is a rapid serological test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever. Typhidot test is a dot ELISA kit that detects IgM and IgG antibodies against the outer membrane protein (OMP) of the Salmonella typhi. The typhidot test becomes positive within 2-3 days of infection and separately identifies IgM and IgG antibodies. The test is based on the presence of specific IgM and IgG antibodies to a specific 50KD OMP.
  • The Widal test is one method that may be used to help make a presumptive diagnosis of enteric fever, also known as typhoid fever. Although the test is no longer commonly performed. Widal Test is an agglutination test which detects the presence of serum agglutinins (H and O) in patients serum with typhoid and paratyphoid fever.

Widal Test Cost in Pune at ₹149.00 Typhidot Test Cost in Pune at ₹499.00

Is Typhoid fever deadly?

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body, affecting many organs. Without prompt treatment, it can cause serious complications and can be fatal. It’s caused by a bacterium called Salmonella typhi, which is related to the bacteria that cause salmonella food poisoning.

How long does typhoid stay in your body?

It is usually between seven and fourteen days, but can be as short as three days, or as long as 30 days. Untreated, the illness usually lasts for three to four weeks, but may be longer in a small number of cases. Symptoms vary from mild to severe and life-threatening.

What are the stages of typhoid fever?

There are four clinical stages of enteric fever, each roughly one weak, though not all (or any) stages need present in a particular infection. The first stage, when infection is symptomatic, may include malaise, dry coughing, headache, myalgia, and a fever of steadily increasing temperature.

Can typhoid happen twice?

The patient described in the case had two episodes of typhoid fever two months apart. The doctors have labelled the second infection as a relapse. However, relapse usually occurs two to three weeks after the resolution of fever and is known to occur in 5% to 10% of patients.

Typhoid Fever Diet Tips

  1. Have small frequent meals.
  2. High intake of carbohydrates which are easily digestible like soft rice, porridge and fruit custards.
  3. Sufficient fluids like coconut water, lassi, fruit juices and glucose water.
  4. Soft cooked vegetables, mashed potatoes and fruits like apple, banana and oranges.
  5. Light biscuits, bread and jam, thin vegetable soups and thin dals can be had.
  6. Avoid spicy, fried foods, meats, butter and ghee.
  7. Avoid high fiber diet and whole grains. 

All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2020. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source:This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare.

Subscribe To Our Newsletter
Get updates and learn from the best
how to choose face mask
Preventive Health

How To Choose Face Mask?

How To Choose Face Mask? Face masks are an important preventive measure against COVID-19. N-95

CoronaVirus Pune
Health And Wellness

CoronaVirus Pune

Coronavirus Pune, In order to successfully curb the coronavirus from spreading further in Pune, it is

Nutrition Tips For Pregnancy
Preventive Health

Nutrition Tips For Pregnancy

Nutrition Tips For Pregnancy Description: If like many pregnant women, you worry about your weight

Do You Want To Know Our Business?

Good Pathology Labs in Pune

you're currently offline but continue browsing

Invite & Earn

X
Signup to start sharing your link
Signup
Scroll to Top
refer and earn 25% discount on lab test in pune

Share & Earn

  • Copy & Share Your Referral Link Displayed Below
  • Your Referred User's Can Register via Your Shared Link
  • Get 25% Coupon In Your Dashboard On Your Referral Order Completion
  • Your Referred Users Will Also Get 10% On Signup

Copy & Share Your Referral Link Now

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
× Chat