Diabetes And Diagnosis

What is the Sugar Test? Things You Should Know

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 10:52 am

Glucose test is blood glucose test, also called blood sugar test. The Blood sugar test can be done at home with a small device called a glucometer, but it is always advised to test your sugar level at a medical laboratory.

Things you Should Know about Sugar Test

A blood sugar test measures the glucose levels in your blood. Glucose is a type of sugar. It is your body’s major source of energy. A hormone called insulin helps move glucose from your bloodstream into your cells. Too much or too little sugar in the blood can be a sign of a serious medical condition.

  • High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) may be a sign of diabetes, a disorder that can cause heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and other complications.
  • Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) can also lead to major health problems, including brain damage, if not treated.

Other names of sugar test

blood sugar, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), random blood sugar (RBS), fasting blood sugar (FBS), fasting blood glucose (FBG), glucose challenge test, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

What diagnosed in blood sugar test?

A blood glucose test is used to find out if your blood sugar levels are in the healthy range. It is often used to help diagnose and monitor diabetes.

Why you need a sugar test?

Your doctor may order a blood glucose test if you have symptoms of high glucose levels (hyperglycemia) or low glucose levels (hypoglycemia).

Symptoms of high blood glucose levels include;

  • Increased thirst
  • More frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Wounds that are slow to heal

Symptoms of low blood glucose levels include;

  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Hunger
  • Confusion

You may also need a blood sugar test if you have certain risk factors for diabetes. These include;

If you are pregnant, you will probably get a blood sugar test between the 24th and 28th week of your pregnancy to check for gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that happens only during pregnancy.

How does blood sugar test do at the lab?

Your lab technician will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. For some types of glucose blood tests, e.g. GTT, you will need to drink a sugary drink before your blood is drawn.

If you have diabetes, your doctor may recommend a blood sugar test kit to monitor your blood sugar at home. Most kits include a device to prick your finger (lancet). You will use this to collect a drop of blood for testing. There are some newer kits available that don’t require pricking your finger. For more information on at-home sugar test kits, talk to your doctor before deciding.

Any preparations required for the sugar test?

You will probably need to fast overnight (not eat or drink) for 8 to 12 hours before the test. If you are pregnant, then not more than 10hrs fasting required for a gestational diabetes check.

Sugar test during pregnancy

  • You will drink a sugary liquid one hour before your blood is drawn.
  • You won’t need to fast for this test.
  • If your results show higher than normal blood glucose levels, you may need another test, which requires fasting.

Talk to your doctor before for any specific preparations needed for your sugar test. Inform if you are undergoing any treatment and medications.

What does my sugar test result show?

If your sugar test results show higher than normal glucose levels, it may mean you have or are at risk of getting diabetes. High glucose levels may also be a sign of:

If your results show lower than normal glucose levels, it may be a sign of:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Too much insulin or other diabetes medicine
  • Liver disease

If your sugar test results are not normal, it doesn’t mean you have a medical condition needing treatment. High stress and certain medicines can affect glucose levels. To learn what your results mean, talk to your lab in charge or family doctor.

Order Sugar Test if You are Diabetic

Many people with diabetes need to check blood sugar levels every day. If you have diabetes, be sure to talk to your doctor about the best ways to manage your disease. There are many other tests also need to do regularly, along with your sugar test.

Sugar Test Normal Range

  • Random blood sugar test. A blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) 11.1 millimoles per litre (mmol/L) or higher suggests diabetes.
  • Fasting blood sugar test. A fasting blood sugar level of less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test. A blood sugar level of less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of over 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours shows diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) shows prediabetes.
Any risk of doing a sugar test at the lab?

No. Sugar test at the lab is always recommended than home sugar kit testing. There is a minor risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruise at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

Where I can get sugar test done at Pune?

healthcare nt sickcare laboratory in Aundh is the best place to get your sugar test done if you are based in Pune or Pimpri Chinchwad. Call on +91 9766060629 to book your test offline with healthcare nt sickcare lab or you can also visit this link to book your sugar test online.

Blood Sugar Test Cost in Pune
Sugar Test NameCharges in Pune
Blood Sugar Test (Fasting, Random And Postprandial)₹ 49.00
GTT Test₹ 249.00
HbA1c Test₹ 449.00

You May Also Interest To Read; Blood Test For Covid Patients.

Reference: MedilinePlus

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