Pathology Laboratory

What is the Lipid Test?

Last updated on September 14th, 2022 at 11:08 am

To comprehend the importance of a lipid test, we need to understand what cholesterol means. Cholesterol is a wax-like substance that is found in the cells of your body. When present at normal levels, it essentially helps in bodily functions like contributing to the structure of cell walls, developing digestive bile acids in the intestine, enabling the body to make certain hormones, and so on. When the cholesterol levels increase, it can become a threat because it puts you at the risk of many severe problems like- heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. 

Lipid test meaning

Lipid tests are used to determine if there are any problems with cholesterol levels or triglyceride levels. A lipid panel test measures the amount of lipids in your blood. It also checks other things like total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.

Lipids are a group of fats and fat-like substances. They play a significant role in the constituents of cells and sources of energy. Most of the energy required by the human body is provided by carbohydrates and lipids. Aiding Digestion, lipids act as insulators as well. 

Understanding lipid test parameters

The lipid test is a combination of tests conducted together to check for any risks of coronary heart disease, or as a preventive measure to check any risks depending on factors like eating habits, diet, stress, exercise and lifestyle-related. A typical lipid test includes the following tests;

  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) – “good cholesterol”
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) – “bad cholesterol” 
  • LDL/HDL Ratio (calculated values)
  • Triglycerides
  • Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C)
  • Total cholesterol
  • Total cholesterol/HDL Ratio (calculated values)

Why the lipid test advised?

Lipids are the fats and fatty substances that are stored in your blood and tissues and are used by the body as a source of energy. While lipids help keep the body functioning normally, lipid disorders, like high cholesterol, might lead to life-threatening conditions like heart attacks, strokes, or coronary artery disease.

A lipid test or lipid panel is performed to measure

Lipid test cost

The lipid test cost in India ranges from Rs 349 to Rs 1100/-. It varies depending on multiple factors like lab, city, components, marketing tactics etc. Get your lipid test from us at a cheaper cost.

How long to fast before blood lipid test?

In most cases, you need to fast for 10 to12 hours before your lipid panel blood test. Fasting means not eating or drinking anything except water. Sometimes, getting a lipid test without fasting is possible in certain health and medical conditions.


Cholesterol is an important component of our body’s cells. However, too much cholesterol can be harmful to our bodies. That’s why we have lipid panels. Lipid panels are used to diagnose conditions, such as hypercholesterolemia, low HDL, high LDL, and triglycerides.

A lipid panel test measures the levels of lipids in your blood. It helps determine whether you are at risk for heart disease.

Overall, the conundrum of cholesterol is manageable, if only you get yourself checked through the mentioned lipid test. Lipid test will surely help you in identifying the harmful levels of fat in your body. A prompt treatment plan can be sought from a verified doctor that you can maintain. It may include some simple yet life-altering changes, like your diet, exercise routine, and other daily habits. It may also include cholesterol-lowering medications. 

You may also interest in reading: What is a Blood Test?

Reference: TataHealth

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