Thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder, which results in reduced production of hemoglobin. The symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, and jaundice. It can lead to organ failure if left untreated.
Thalassaemia, an inherited blood disorder which is characterized by less haemoglobin and lesser than normal blood cells. A person suffering from thalassemia has at least one parent as a carrier of the disease. Genetic mutation and deletion of some key gene fragments can lead to thalassemia.
A person suffering from thalassaemia is likely to have bone deformities, especially in the face. A person with thalassaemia can have yellow or pale skin, dark-coloured urine, delayed growth and excessive tiredness. What’s more is that these symptoms of thalassaemia are not visible in every thalassaemia patient. Some signs and symptoms only develop during later childhood or adolescence.
What is Thalassaemia?
Thalassaemia is a blood disorder in which your body has less hemoglobin than normal. This disorder is passed down through families. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Patients with thalassaemia suffer from anemia due to low levels of hemoglobin.
World Thalassaemia Day 8th May
World Thalassaemia Day. This day tries to help thalassaemia patients lead a normal life despite the burden of the disease. This is a blood disorder in which the body has less hemoglobin than normal.
World Thalassaemia Day is observed on every 8th of May. This day tries to create awareness about the disease and help thalassaemia patients lead a normal life despite the burden of the disease. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, World Thalassaemia Day 2020 will be celebrated through different online activities. The theme for the International Thalassaemia Day 2020 is ‘The dawning of a new era for thalassaemia’, which states that it is time for a global effort to make novel therapies accessible and affordable to patients.
Symptoms of Thalassaemia
The symptoms of thalassaemia may vary according to the type and severity of the disease. Some common symptoms may include;
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Causes of Thalassaemia
Thalassaemia is genetic. You get it from your parents. Now, tests are conducted before the birth of the child to take the steps from an early stage. This disease cannot be prevented since it is genetic.
Treatment for Thalassaemia
Mild thalassaemia may not require treatment, but people with severe thalassaemia require regular blood transfusions to cope with the condition. Medicines and supplements are also required for a normal life.
Complications of Thalassaemia
People with thalassaemia mat experience an iron overload, a condition in which they have too much iron in their bodies. This occurs because of frequent blood transfusions or because of the disease. Excessive iron can damage your endocrine system, heart, and liver. Also, thalassaemia patients are at a high risk of infections.
Thalassaemia can be prevented. If you are a carrier, talk to your doctor before planning a pregnancy. She/he will tell you the risks of your child being thalassaemia minor or major. You can decide on pregnancy.
Healthy Living With Thalassaemia
Thalassaemia patients experience slow growth due to low hemoglobin levels and anemia. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a healthy diet. Also, stay connected with your doctor constantly for medication and supplements to avoid complications.
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