Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:31 am
Chronic disease is a condition that has lasted or is expected to last longer than 12 weeks. Chronic disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
Chronic Disease Meaning and Definition
Quick Jump Table
Chronic Disease is a disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting 3 months or more. Chronic diseases have become more common with age. Chronic diseases cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear.
What is meant by chronic disease?
Chronic disease is a disease that persists over a long period. Chronic disease can hinder independence and the health of people with disabilities, as it may create additional activity limitations. People with chronic disease often think that they are free from the disease when they have no symptoms.
Having no symptoms, however, does not mean that chronic disease has disappeared. The good news is that chronic disease can be prevented or controlled through.
- regular participation in physical activity
- eating healthy
- not smoking
- avoiding excessive alcohol consumption
Examples of common chronic diseases
Listed below are examples of common chronic diseases and their early signs.
Arthritis is the “wear and tear” on the joints, such as the knees, hips, and wrists. Its early signs include:
- Joint pain after sitting for a short time or when waking up
- Stiffness at joints
- Tenderness and redness at joints
- Swelling at joints.
Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the body. Its risk factors include:
- Excessive exposure to sunlight
- Lack of physical activity
- Family history
- Exposure to certain chemicals
- Poor diet
Stroke is a blockage of blood flow to the brain. Its signs include;
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble in walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
- Sudden headache with no known cause.
Heart attack is a blockage of blood flow to the heart. Its warning signs may include;
Obesity is a chronic health condition of being above normal body weight. It is a risk factor for other chronic diseases such as arthritis, stroke, heart attack, asthma, type 2 diabetes, and other social and emotional issues. Obesity is often related to a person’s lifestyle, such as:
- Lack of physical activity
- High fat/calorie diet
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Chronic disease prevention
Common risk factors of many of these chronic diseases, which are related to daily life, include;
How to avoid chronic disease?
Early diagnosis is important and helpful in managing chronic diseases. Regular health checkup can help you save yourself for occurrence of chronic diseases. Visit your doctor if the above symptoms appear and talk to your doctor regarding more information about chronic diseases and to learn effective disease prevention and disease management steps.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for over three months.
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