Infection and Inflammation

What are the Chickenpox Symptoms and Complications?

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 08:02 am

Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella zoster virus. It usually occurs in children between the ages of 5 and 15 years old.

What is chickenpox?

Chickenpox is a viral disease that causes fever, rash, and blisters on the skin. It usually starts as a red spot on the face or body, but may spread to other parts of the body. Chickenpox is a viral disease that affects the skin and mucous membranes. 

What are the Chickenpox symptoms?

Chickenpox usually affects children between the age of 5-10 years. A person who gets chickenpox once in his/her lifetime is not likely to get it ever again. Chickenpox is usually determined by large red spots on the body. Chickenpox is not that severe a condition and can be secured within a week or two. There is no particular cause behind chickenpox apart from coming in contact with the varicella virus. Chickenpox in children may be caused if the child is not vaccinated against the disease.

Children with weak immune systems are more likely to catch it. The reason chickenpox lasts only for some days is that the virus becomes dormant quickly after affecting the tissues. This is exactly the opposite of what happens in other diseases. Chickenpox is communicable and can be transmitted either from the skin to skin or through coughing, sneezing, etc.

Appearance of itchy rashes on the body is the most obvious symptom of chickenpox. Rashes first appear at the trunk and head area. You may not foresee a rash, but it might show itself after a mild fever, paining muscles, reduce appetite, and create a feeling of nausea and weakness. Gradually, rashes grow in the body and lead to the formation of spots. The spots usually appear on the chest, face, limbs, and stomach. They might be really itchy and sometimes unbearable. The spots may also develop blisters. These blisters may produce ulcers inside the mouth, eyelids, and area between the thighs. In about 7 days, the blisters dry out and heal. In rare cases, chickenpox may also cause difficulty in breathing.

What are the chickenpox complications?

Complications of chickenpox are more serious in children as compared to adults. Pregnant women, infants, and those with a weak immune system are prone to chickenpox complications. The condition becomes more complicated when the blisters catch infection. Infection with chickenpox may lead to pneumonia. Even though this disease is not very dangerous, it may still hold the potential to cause encephalitis. Encephalitis is a condition which may cause inflammation in the brain. Chickenpox may also lead to Reye’s syndrome, which may cause swelling in liver and brain. However, people recover from these complications of chickenpox.

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The Chickenpox prevention

Chickenpox can be prevented through vaccination. The chickenpox vaccine is known as the Varicella vaccine. It must be given to children at the right age. It is a safe vaccination with no side effects and guarantees 90% prevention of chickenpox. This vaccine is given in two shots.  

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