Urinalysis – Urine Routine Test, Microscopic Exam, Dipstick Test, Symptoms

commitment in excellence healthcare nt sickcare
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin

What Is Urinalysis or Urine Routine Test?

A urine routine test is a laboratory test on urine specimen. It can help your doctor detect problems that may be shown by your urine. Many illnesses and disorders affect how your body removes waste and toxins. The organs involved in this are your lungs, kidneys, urinary tract, skin, and bladder. Problems with any of these can affect the appearance, concentration, and content of your urine

Urine Routine Test  is not the same as a drug screening or pregnancy test, although all three tests involve a urine sample.

Why Urinalysis is done?

Urine Routine Test is often used:

  • prior to surgery
  • as a preemptive screening during a pregnancy checkup
  • as part of a routine medical or physical exam

Your doctor may also ask to do this test if they suspect that you have certain conditions, such as:

If you already have a diagnosis for any of these conditions, your doctor may use urinalysis to check on the progress of treatments or the condition itself.

Symptoms for Urine Routine Test

Your doctor may also want you to do a urinalysis or Urine Routine Test if you experience certain symptoms, including:

  • abdominal pain
  • back pain
  • blood in your urine
  • painful urination


Medicines that affect the result of Urine Routine Examination

Inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you’re taking. Some of these that can affect the results of your urinalysis include:

  • vitamin C supplements
  • metronidazole
  • riboflavin
  • anthraquinone laxatives
  • methocarbamol
  • nitrofurantoin

Some other drugs can affect your results as well. Tell your doctor about any substances you use before doing a urinalysis.

Types of Urine Routine Test

There are three ways to analyze urine, and your laboratory may use all of them.

One is a visual exam, which checks the colour and clarity. If your urine has blood in it, it might be red or dark brown. Foam can be a sign of kidney disease, while cloudy urine may mean you have an infection.

A microscopic exam checks for things too small to be seen otherwise. Some of the things that shouldn’t be in your urine that a microscope can find include:

  • Red blood cells
  • White blood cells
  • Bacteria
  • Crystals (clumps of minerals – a possible sign of kidney stones)

The third part of urinalysis is the dipstick test, which uses a thin plastic strip treated with chemicals. It’s dipped into your urine, and the chemicals on the stick react and change colour if levels are above normal. Things the dipstick test can check for include:

  • Acidity, or pH. If the acid is above normal, you could have kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI) or another condition.
  • Protein. This can be a sign your kidneys are not working right. Kidneys filter waste products out of your blood, and your body needs protein.
  • Glucose. High sugar content is a marker for diabetes.
  • White blood cells. These are a sign of infection.
  • Bilirubin. If this waste product, which is normally eliminated by your liver, shows up, it may mean your liver isn’t working properly.
  • Blood in your urineSometimes this is a sign of infections or certain illnesses.

Protein in your urine

Your urine normally contains a negligible level of protein. Sometimes, protein levels in your urine can spike due to:

  • excessive heat or cold
  • fever
  • stress, both physical and emotional
  • excessive exercise

These factors aren’t usually a sign of any major issues. But abnormally high levels of protein in your urine can be a sign of underlying issues that can cause kidney disease, such as:

Your doctor may ask you to do follow-up tests to identify any conditions causing abnormally high protein levels in your urine.

If your urinalysis or Urine Routine Test results come back abnormal, your doctor may require additional tests to determine the cause. These can include:

What is sugar in urine?

Sugar (glucose) is usually present in the urine at very low levels or not at all. Abnormally high amounts of sugar in the urine, known as glycosuria, are usually the result of high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar usually occurs in diabetes, especially when untreated.

Normally, when blood is filtered in the kidneys, some sugar remains in the fluid that will later become urine. If the level of blood sugar is low, as is normally the case, the body can reabsorb the sugar from this fluid before it leaves the kidney to be excreted as urine. When the blood sugar is high, there is too much sugar in the fluid leaving the kidney to be reabsorbed, so some sugar passes into the urine.

Sugar in the urine is associated with high blood sugar and diabetes, it is important to consult your doctor if you tested sugar in your urine. Sugar in the urine is often accompanied by other symptoms of diabetes, including fatigue, unexplained weight loss, excessive thirst or hunger, and frequent urination.

healthcare nt sickcare

Get Us IN +919766060629

All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2019. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare.

Know How We Give-Back

Create My Account

Shop With Us

Offer Of The Month

urine culture test, rbc in urine, pus cells in urine normal rang, urine analysis, diabetes test, urine routine test, urine microscopy, microscopic examination of urine, epithelial cells in urine normal range, normal urine ph, urine examination, urine routine, types of urine tests, nitrates in urine, leukocytes in urine, urine re test, rbc in urine normal range, urine albumin test, urine routine examination, leukocyte esterase urine, wbc in urine, protein in urine normal range, normal urine specific gravity, urine infection test, urine r e, ph levels in urine, urobilinogen in urine, chemical examination of urine, physical examination of urine, urine dipstick, complete urine examination, normal protein level in urine, urine ph normal range, wbc in urine normal range, urine report, urine analysis test, urine analysis normal values, urine microscopy test, urine complete test, urine analysis report, urine examination report, urine rm test, white blood cells in urine, urine sample, complete urine analysis, leukocytes in urine normal range, urine routine analysis, normal urine, normal protein in urine, urine routine microscopy, normal value of urine, normal rbc in urine, normal urine report, urine dipstick test, erythrocytes in urine, urine routine and microscopy, urine examination test, urine routine test normal values, urine r test, urine routine normal values, urine r and m, what is urine routine test

Subscribe to our Latest Blogs

Get Instant Notification Of Our Blogs On Preventive Healthcare, Wellness, Pathology Laboratory, Diseases And Disorders. 

Share this article and spread the care

Share on facebook
Share on pinterest
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on whatsapp

Leave a Reply