Infection and Inflammation

Uncovering the Mumps: Understanding the Test and Diagnosis

Last updated on January 21st, 2023 at 11:51 am

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that affects the salivary glands. In this blog post, we will delve into the different types of mumps tests available, how they are performed, and what the results mean. We will also discuss the importance of early diagnosis and treatment for mumps. Whether you suspect you have mumps or just want to learn more about the disease, this blog post is a must-read.

Mumps Antibody Test 

The Mumps test helps detect antibodies against the virus.

  • To diagnose measles or mumps infection; 
  • To establish whether you have immunity to measles or mumps because of a previous infection or to vaccination; 
  • To confirm the measles or mumps case and investigate its source

What is Measles or Mumps Infection?

Measles, also called rubella, is a virus that infects cells in the lungs and the back of the throat. It is an extremely contagious viral infection that is easily spread through coughing and sneezing or touching a surface contaminated with the virus and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes. 

According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the measles virus can live for up to two hours in the air where an infected person coughed or sneezed. Infected individuals are contagious for a couple of days before the symptoms appear.

Measles Symptoms

About 1 to 2 weeks after infection, measles causes symptoms such as;

  • A high fever 
  • Dry cough
  • Red eyes 
  • Light sensitivity 
  • Runny nose 
  • Sore throat 
  • Tiny white spots inside the mouth 
  • A typical rash that starts on the face and spreads down the body to the boot and legs

Most people recover within a couple of weeks, but up to 20% develop complications that may include ear infection, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhoea, or more rarely encephalitis or blindness. Although it is rare, one to two people, usually babies or young children, out of every thousand people infected, will die from a measles’ infection. 

People who are malnourished, have a vitamin A deficiency or have weakened immune systems have an increased risk of severe infections. Women who are pregnant when they are infected with measles are at a greater risk of miscarriage or premature labour.

What is Mumps?

Mumps is usually gained during childhood, triggered by the mumps virus. It is contagious and spreads through saliva or by being with a person who has it. It can infect many parts of the body, especially the parotid salivary glands, which are found near the jaw line below the ears. When a person gets infected with mumps, these glands typically have inflammation and become very painful. There is no found treatment for mumps so far. The only way to prevent it is by administrating the MMRV (measles-mumps-rubella plus varicella (chicken-pox)) vaccine during childhood, which would give immunity to the disease.

How Mumps Infection Spread?

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that is easily spread through coughing, sneezing, talking, or by sharing items or touching surfaces with respiratory droplets or saliva on them (e.g. cups, utensils). About 2 to 3 weeks after the infection, you typically develop flu-like symptoms such as:

  • Headache 
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever 
  • Followed by typical parotitis–swelling of the salivary (parotid) glands below one or both ears

For most people, mumps is a mild, self-limited illness, but some may develop complications such as temporary or permanent deafness, inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) or ovaries (oophoritis), pancreatitis, meningitis, or encephalitis.

Why Mumps test advised?

It’s possible that you have signs and symptoms that are related to the measles or the mumps. When it is necessary or desired to determine measles or mumps immunity; when an outbreak is occurring to track the spread of measles or mumps in the community and prevent spread to others.

  • When you have signs and symptoms or complications that may be because of the measles or mumps infection; 
  • when it is necessary or desired to determine measles or mumps immunity; 
  • when an outbreak is occurring to track the spread of measles or mumps in the community and prevent spread to others

Common symptoms observed to advise for mumps are;

  • Mumps causes
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Headache

Occasional severe cases tend to have worse case scenarios like;

  • Swelling of the parotid gland giving “chipmunk cheeks” 
  • Deafness
  • Swelling of the brain, spinal cord, testicles, breasts or ovaries
  • Pregnancy loss
  • Rarely death

Mumps Testing Methods

Measles (rubella) and mumps are viruses that are members of the Paramyxoviridae family. They both cause infections that usually resolve within several days but can sometimes cause serious complications in certain cases. Both are preventable through vaccination.

Measles and mumps testing may include:

  • Testing for antibodies in the blood that develop in response to measles or mumps infection 
  • Testing for viral genetic material (RNA) in a sample using a molecular method, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method may be used for a variety of samples.

Learn about estrogen test

Any special preparations required for the mumps test?

No Fasting Required for the mumps test. No other special preparations required for the mumps test.

What sample is required for the mumps test?

Antibody testing requires a blood sample, got by inserting a needle into a vein. Viral molecular testing may be performed on a variety of samples, including nasopharyngeal (nasal) aspirate/washing, throat swab or a swab of the inside of the cheek (buccal swab). To fully evaluate a suspected measles case, the CDC recommends the collection of blood and samples for RT-PCR testing.

What mumps test result means?

A positive IGM antibody test in someone who has not been recently vaccinated means it is likely that the person has the current measles or mumps infection. Positive IGM and IGG antibody tests or a fourfold increase in IGG levels (titres) in blood samples collected several days apart mean it is likely that the person has a current or had the recent measles or mumps infection. When measles or mumps IGG antibodies are present in a person who has been vaccinated and/or is not currently ill, then that person is protected against infection (immune). If a person does not have measles or mumps IGG antibodies, then that person is not considered immune to the viruses. 

Where I can get mumps antibody test done in Pune?

healthcare nt sickcare laboratory does test for mumps antibodies in Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad. You can book mumps test online to get served at your home in Pune and PCMC.

Mumps test is also known as 

Mumps antibody test, mumps ab test, anti mumps antibody test, mumps IGG antibody test, mumps virus antibody test, mumps test blood, mumps IGG blood test, mumps Elisa test, test for mumps, mumps IGM test, mumps IGG test, mumps lab test, mumps virus lab test

You May Also Interest To Read: Antibody Titre Test

Reference: LabTestOnline and images are referential purposes only.

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