Say No To Obesity! Obesity remains one of the commonest avoidable causes of several disease conditions. Most often than not, it results from the wrong habits or lifestyles.
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You Don’t Have to be Obese, Say No to Obesity
Obesity is a growing global epidemic that affects all races and genders. It’s time to say no to obesity.
Obesity is a case that cut across race, colour and gender. Obesity has several facets, it is closely associated with several ailments. The most alarming being hypertension, diabetes and most fatal is the psychological effects it could have on its victims. Teenagers commit suicide today because of obesity.
Obesity Linked to Hypertension
A close relationship exists between hypertension and obesity. In fact, it is believed that most hypertensives are over 10% overweight. Fat accumulation in the trunk or abdomen is not only related to hypertension but also to diabetes and hyperlipidaemia (excess fat in the body). Obesity can contribute to hypertension in several ways. Obesity leads to a greater output of blood because the heart has to pump more blood to supply the excess tissues. The increased cardiac output then can raise blood pressure. For another thing, obese hypertensive individuals have a greater stiffness (resistance) of the peripheral arteries throughout the body.
Finally, obesity may be associated with a tendency for the kidneys to keep salt in the body. Weight loss may help reverse problems related to obesity while also lowering blood pressure. It has been estimated that the blood pressure can be decreased by 0.32mmHg for every 1kg (2.2pounds) of weight loss.
Obesity Linked to Diabetes
It is estimated that three quarters (¾) of all Type II diabetes patients are obese. Indolent and affluent lifestyles contribute to this. It is believed that a 10kg loss of weight can reduce fasting blood sugar level by almost 50md/dl. An active lifestyle with frequent exercise is also known to increase insulin sensitivity.
Obesity because of Sedentary Lifestyle
Sedentary normal individuals have a higher tendency to become obese when compared to very active individuals. Exercise burns out unnecessary body fat, lowers blood pressure and increases the body’s use of glucose, example dynamic exercises such as brisk walking or jogging, swimming or bicycle riding for 30 – 45mins daily or 3-5times a week may lower blood pressure by as much as 5 – 15mmHg. Normally, a particular type of exercise is started and gradually built up to a satisfactory level. Regular exercise reduces blood pressure, burns out unnecessarily fat and also makes the body healthier.
Apart from the sedentary lifestyles developed by so many today that have caused this tremendous rise in the obese population, another problem we face today is the food we eat. There are so many fast-food joints out there that it is almost impossible to ignore them. Not even with the busy schedules you and I run nowadays. We want the fastest things we can get around. See where that has led us?
It is quite imperative to be careful and watchful of what we eat. It’s quite easier to avoid eating the wrong set of food than to stop eating when the consequences arise. Although there is some bit of hereditary attached to obesity sometimes, eat the right food, live an active life and you will be glad you did.
The International standard for measuring overweight and obesity is based on a value called Body Mass Index (BMI). This value is derived by dividing the body weight (in kilograms) by the square of height (in metres).
BMI = Body weight (Kg)/Height2 (Metres).
Note: 1ft = 0.305metres.
For adults, a BMI less than 25kg/m2 is preferred.
25 – 29kg/m2 is overweight and above 30kg/m2 is obesity.
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