ANA Test (Anti-nuclear Antibody) is a blood-based test that helps to detect the presence of any kind of autoimmune disorder in the patient’s blood.
What is An ANA Test?
ANA Test (Anti-nuclear Antibody) is a blood-based test that helps to detect the presence of any kind of autoimmune disorder in the patient’s blood. An auto-immune disorder is an abnormal condition where our immune system attacks the healthy protein cells in our body.
Generally, our immune system forms several antibodies that help our body to fight infection. But often these protective antibodies turn into autoantibody and targets our healthy cells and tissues mistakenly. These autoantibodies can damage our skin, muscles, joints, and other body parts.
The antinuclear antibody is a type of autoantibody that functions against certain components found in the nucleus of a cell, hence it is called ‘anti-nuclear’. These Antinuclear antibodies can cause some autoimmune disorders such as
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Sjögren’s Syndrome
- Rheumatoid Arthritis, Polymyositis
- Scleroderma, Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
- Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus
- Addison Disease
- Pernicious Anemia
- Pulmonary Fibrosis
ANA test is also known as Anti-nuclear Antibody Panel.
When To Do ANA Blood Test?
An ANA test is advised when someone shows certain symptoms associated with an autoimmune disorder. People with an autoimmune disorder can show many unspecified or vague symptoms. However, every disorder shows different signs. Below we are specifying some very common symptoms that a patient shows;
- Mild fever
- Tiredness or weakness
- Joint pains
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Red small rashes
- Sensitivity to light
- Sudden hair loss
- Numbness or tingling in the limbs
- Inflamed organs or tissues
The test cannot confirm the specific diagnosis but it can surely help to identify some kind of diseases or disorder.
ANA Blood Test
- Overnight fasting is required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The normal test result may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
- Home visit collection facility available for test amount above ₹499
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