Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:46 am
Prevent prediabetes from becoming diabetes summarizes diabetes and prediabetes. You can learn about risk factors for diabetes and how to prevent prediabetes from becoming diabetes.
Diabetics are one of the largest and most vulnerable populations in America. Diabetics are at a higher risk for developing financial problems and can sometimes be forced into poverty. In order to help these people, there should be a better system of medical coverage for them so they can prevent these problems from happening.
How to Prevent Prediabetes from Becoming Diabetes?
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Prediabetes is a warning sign of diabetes. In prediabetes, your blood sugar levels are higher than the normal, but still lower to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes is considered a major risk factor for diabetes.
The only thing worse than being diagnosed with diabetes is knowing that it could have been prevented. Learn how to prevent prediabetes from becoming diabetes.
What are the Symptoms of Prediabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes and prediabetes are almost the same, as in both the conditions, sugar levels in the blood are on a higher side. Few of the early signs are:
- Feeling hungry or thirsty more often
- Weight loss or loss of appetite
- An urge to pass urine most of the times
- Fatigue and weakness
How to Prevent Prediabetes from Turning into Diabetes?
You know that having prediabetes can double your chances of getting type-2 diabetes later in life, but what you may not know is that prediabetes is reversible. By following these three simple lifestyle changes, you can delay the progression of diabetes or even prevent its risk.
- Eat healthily: By eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, you can keep a check on your increased sugar levels. A well-balanced diet gives you all the essential nutrients, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that help to regulate your metabolism, thus avoiding increased blood sugar levels. Avoid unhealthy junk, and processed foods and focus more on eating grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables, and fruits.
- Adapt an active lifestyle: By including 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine for at least five times a week, you can reduce the chances of developing metabolic diseases like diabetes. It also helps to keep a check on your weight.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Being obese is itself a major cause of metabolic disorders. Studies say that by maintaining a healthy weight or losing 5-7% of your weight, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed.
- Stop smoking: Smoking may up your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Take medications as needed: If you’re at high risk of diabetes, your doctor might recommend metformin (Glumetza, others). Medications to control cholesterol and high blood pressure might also be prescribed.
Lifestyle changes are the best and easiest ways to reverse prediabetes. Other than this, monitor your blood sugar levels and go for regular check-ups so that the condition can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage.
Tips for Children with Prediabetes
Children with prediabetes should undertake the lifestyle changes recommended for adults with type 2 diabetes, including:
- Losing weight
- Eating fewer refined carbohydrates and fats, and more fiber
- Reducing portion sizes
- Eating out less often
- Spending at least one hour every day in physical activity
Medication isn’t recommended for children with prediabetes unless lifestyle changes aren’t improving blood sugar levels. If medication is needed, metformin (Glumetza, others) is usually the recommended drug.
If you’re overweight, have a family history of diabetes, or if you’re over 40 years old, then ask your doctor about the new Prediabetes Test.
The American Diabetes Association recommends prediabetes testing in adults ages 40-70 years old for a fasting glucose level ≥ 100 mg/dL or a 2-hour postprandial glucose level ≥ 140 mg/dL. If you are at risk of developing type-2 diabetes, pre-diabetes is the testing phase to diagnose it.
- Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test – This test shows your average blood sugar level over the past three months. The test measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells called hemoglobin. The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll have with sugar attached.
- Fasting blood sugar test – A blood sample is taken after you fast for at least eight hours or overnight.
- Oral glucose tolerance test – This test is usually used to diagnose diabetes only during pregnancy. A blood sample is taken after you fast for at least eight hours or overnight. Then you’ll drink a sugary solution, and your blood sugar level will be measured again after two hours.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that diabetes screening for most adults begins at age 45. The ADA advises diabetes screening before age 45 if you’re overweight and have additional risk factors for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.
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