Last updated on January 21st, 2023 at 08:23 pm
Pathology tests help doctors determine if there are any abnormalities or disease in patients’ bodies. Pathology tests are medical procedures that are used to detect diseases and conditions.
70% of medical decisions are relaying on pathology testsPathology Tests
Pathology is a branch of medicine that determines the cause and nature of diseases by examining and testing body tissues (from biopsies and pap smears, for example) and bodily fluids (from samples including blood and urine). The results from this pathology tests help doctors diagnose and treat patients correctly. Here’s a list of the health tests that everyone should undertake as part of a healthy lifestyle.
What is pathology?
Quick Jump Table
Some people may have a vague understanding of the place of pathology in daily life, but the question remains: what is pathology in medical terms? Pathology is a medical speciality that determines the cause and nature of diseases by examining and testing body tissues and bodily fluids.
What is a pathology test?
At every stage of life, we rely on pathology for our health and wellbeing. Did you know that mostly we receive a medical diagnosis, it results from a test that has been sent away to a pathology laboratory? The work of pathology teams is rarely seen by the public.
From birth until our twilight years, we rely on blood tests, biopsies and a multitude of other pathology tests to prevent, diagnose and treat infections, allergies, chronic diseases, cancers and countless other medical conditions. The results from these tests help inform the correct diagnosis and treatment of patients in India and around the globe.
Pathology teams collect and testing these samples, analysing results and communicating that information back to the treating doctor so they can look after their patients.
9 Essential Pathology Tests for Everyone
- Complete Blood Count (CBC): It is used to diagnose anaemia, infections, certain types of cancer, and so on. It’s especially important for Indian women as they suffer from iron deficiency and anaemia and may require supplementation. If the CBC is okay, it may be repeated thrice a year.
- Blood Sugar Test: Done after a 12-hour fasting period, this helps detect diabetes. In cases of pre-diabetes and diabetes, an additional test, HbA1C, that shows the average blood sugar levels over the previous 3 months is done. Annual testing is recommended if the reading is normal.
- Lipid Profile: It is an accurate indicator of your heart health. This lipid blood test measures the total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL and LDL levels. Testing once in 2 years is recommended for people with normal readings.
- Liver Function Test: This is done annually to screen for liver conditions, such as alcohol-induced liver damage, fatty liver, Hepatitis C and B.
- Urine Routine Analysis: It checks for proteins, sugar and blood (especially in smokers who are at high risk for bladder cancer) in the urine sample, which could show kidney disease, among other conditions. If the report is normal, get a test done yearly.
- Kidney Function Test: A high reading of serum creatinine may show impaired kidney function.
- Thyroid Function Tests: These blood tests are important in detecting underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). With normal findings, once-a-year thyroid testing is recommended.
- Test for Vitamin D Deficiency: An extremely common condition, Vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis in later years.
- Pap Smear Test (For Women): It can catch pre-cancerous changes in the cervix, and is recommended for every sexually active woman after the age of 21.
Do remember that all lab reports need to be reviewed by a trained physician as what may be normal for one person may not be for another, depending on their overall health condition? Keep in mind that awareness and disease prevention via pathology tests can save you from plenty of health disorders later.
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