Some ovarian cysts are benign and do not interfere with the reproductive process. These cysts often disappear on their own, but it is possible for them to lead to infertility.
Ovarian cysts are the most common type of benign tumor that can affect the female reproductive system. These cysts are typically classified as either functional or nonfunctional. Functional cysts form in response to excessive estrogen, while nonfunctional cysts can lead to infertility because of their often-invasive nature.
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Ovarian Cysts and Fertility
Having a child is one of the most profound experiences in a woman’s life. The joy of being a mother and welcoming a new life is unparalleled. During such expectation, an inability to conceive can take a serious toll on any woman’s health. The mental scars from such an event can never be obliterated. This does not mean you should give up. Consult your doctor to find the cause and rectify it. With advances in medical science and technologies like IVF in the market, no fertility challenge is insurmountable.
One of the most common causes of infertility is ovarian cysts. According to research conducted by the American Society For Reproductive Medicine, ovarian cysts resulting in ovulation abnormality and infertility have been recorded among 25% of women.
Ovarian Cysts Types
Ovarian Cysts Types – There are two types of cysts that are produced as byproducts of ovulation;
- Follicular Cysts which do not break open to release the eggs. Rather, the follicle stays while the cyst continues to grow.
- Corpus Cysts or luteal cysts are a condition when, after the egg has broken free, the follicles seal itself rather than shrinking and the fluid builds up inside.
Ovarian Cysts Causes
Ovarian cysts causes are mainly because of hormonal imbalance, abnormal cell growth where the cells overgrow and develop into cysts, pelvic infections that spread to the ovaries and fallopian tubes and causes severe harm to them, and endometriosis when the tissue attaches to an ovary and forms cell growth.
Ovarian Cysts Symptoms
Ovarian cysts symptoms. An ovarian cyst usually only causes symptoms if it splits (ruptures), is very large or blocks the blood supply to the ovaries. In these cases, you may have the following;
- pelvic pain–this can range from a dull, heavy sensation to a sudden, severe pain
- pain during sex
- difficulty emptying your bowels
- a frequent need to urinate
- heavy periods, irregular periods, or lighter periods than normal
- bloating and a swollen tummy
- feeling very full after only eating a little
- difficulty getting pregnant–although fertility is usually unaffected by ovarian cysts
Consul your doctor if you have symptoms of an ovarian cyst. If you have sudden, severe pelvic pain, you should immediately contact the nearest hospital.
Does Ovarian Cyst Affect Fertility?
Ovarian cysts that generate complications during pregnancy these include:
- Endometriomas – This is the condition when the tissues lining your uterus or endometrium grow outside the uterus or the fallopian tubes and are largely associated with fertility problems. Endometriomas can differ in sizes from the range of less than an inch to over 6 inches. They are filled with dark-colored blood.
- Some studies have showed that women suffering from mild endometriosis develop a lower (2%-4%) chance of getting pregnant each month when compared to women who are healthy and have a 15%-20% chance. Another research states that 40% of unexplained infertility results from endometriosis through anatomical distortion or inflammation.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – PCOS is the condition where small cysts form inside your ovaries which prompts irregular periods, excessive stomach cramps, and large hormonal imbalance. Connected to immature ovaries, they do not assist in ovulation and thus produce complications of infertility. The immature follicles with an immature egg cause the ovary to be politic.
- This chronic lack of ovulation also alters the hormonal levels in your body that assist in ovulation. Women with PCOS develop high levels of androgen or male hormones in your body, which get converted to estrogen. As a result, they do not ovulate.
Does the Treatment for Ovarian Cysts also Affect Fertility?
This usually depends on the treatment you receive. Hormonal birth control doesn’t have a long-term effect on fertility. Although surgeries can invariably damage some healthy eggs inside your body, the doctors recommend that the ovaries be removed before you have more complications. However, in both situations, the egg count in your body decreases significantly.
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