Malaria Symptoms and types
Share on whatsapp
Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Malaria Fever 1
Understand How Malaria Spread Or Transmitted?

What malaria does to the body?

Malaria can cause high fever, chills, and flu-like symptoms that can be life-threatening when not treated quickly. The disease is caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are carried by Anopheles mosquitoes.

Only female mosquitoes spread malaria parasites. When a mosquito bites a person who already has malaria, it sucks up the person’s blood, which contains the parasites. When the mosquito bites its next victim, it injects the parasites into that person. That’s how the disease is spread.

Once the parasites enter your body, they travel to your liver, where they multiply. They invade your red blood cells, which are important cells in your blood that carry oxygen. The parasites get inside them, lay their eggs, and multiply until the red blood cell bursts.

What is Hepatitis?

Types of Malaria

There are five species of Plasmodium parasites that affect humans. Two of them are considered the most dangerous:

  • falciparum. This is the most common malaria parasite, and it causes the most malaria-related deaths in the world. P. falciparum multiplies very quickly, causing severe blood loss and clogged blood vessels.
  • vivaxThis is the malaria parasite most commonly found outside of sub-Saharan Africa, especially in Asia and Latin America. This species can lie dormant, then rise up to infect your blood months or years after the mosquito bite.

What All Are Malaria Symptoms?

Symptoms for malaria usually start about 10 to 15 days after the infected mosquito bite.

Because the signs are so similar to cold or flu symptoms, it might be hard to tell what you have at first. (Read about Chikungunya)

  • Malaria symptoms don’t always show up within 2 weeks, especially if it’s a  vivax infection.
  • People who live in areas with lots of malaria cases may become partially immune after being exposed to it throughout their lives.
  • Moderate to severe shaking chills
  • High fever
  • Sweating
  • Throwing up or feeling like you’re going to
  • A headache
  • Diarrhoea
  • Being very tired (fatigue)
  • Body aches
  • Yellow skin (jaundice) from losing red blood cells
  • Kidney failure
  • Seizure
  • Confusion

What are the complications of malaria?

Children with severe malaria may get anemia, a condition that happens when you lose too many red blood cells. They may also have trouble breathing. In rare cases, they can get cerebral malaria, which causes brain damage from swelling.

  • Cerebral malaria.If parasite-filled blood cells block small blood vessels to your brain (cerebral malaria), swelling of your brain or brain damage may occur. Cerebral malaria may cause coma.
  • Breathing problems. Accumulated fluid in your lungs (pulmonary edema) can make it difficult to breathe.
  • Organ failure. Malaria can cause your kidneys or liver to fail, or your spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening.
  • Malaria damages red blood cells, which can result in anemia.
  • Low blood sugar. Severe forms of malaria itself can cause low blood sugar, as can quinine — one of the most common medications used to combat malaria. Very low blood sugar can result in coma or death.
  • Malaria can cause you to go into a coma.

How malaria can be prevented?

Many cases of malaria can be avoided. An easy way to remember is the ABCD approach to prevention:

  • Awareness of risk – find out whether you’re at risk of getting malaria before travelling
  • Bite prevention – avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellent, covering your arms and legs, and using an insecticide-treated mosquito net
  • Check whether you need to take malaria prevention tablets – if you do, make sure you take the right antimalarial tablets at the right dose, and finish the course as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Diagnosis – seek immediate medical advice if you develop malaria symptoms, as long as up to a year after you return from travelling

Speak to your doctor if you’re planning to visit an area where there’s a malaria risk. It may be recommended that you take antimalarial tablets to prevent infection.

Protection from malarial mosquitoes

Be aware that you are still at risk for malaria even with the use of protection.

  1. Apply insect repellent to exposed skin. The recommended repellent contains 20-35% percent N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET).
  2. Wear long-sleeved clothing and long pants if you are outdoors at night.
  3. Use a mosquito net over the bed if your bedroom is not air-conditioned or screened. For additional protection, treat the mosquito net with the insecticide permethrin.
  4. Spray an insecticide or repellent on clothing, as mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.
  5. Spray pyrethrin or a similar insecticide in your bedroom before going to bed.
  6. Stay somewhere that has effective air conditioning and screening on doors and windows. If this isn’t possible, make sure doors and windows close properly.
  7. Pregnant women and young children should take extra precuations and avoid travelling to malaria-prone areas.

How Malaria Diagnosed?

Malaria Blood Test

Early diagnosis is critical for a patient’s recovery.

The World Health Organization (WHO) strongly advises confirmation of the parasite (Malarial Parasite or MP) through microscopic laboratory testing or by a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) or Rapid Malaria Test.

Book Your Fever Malaria Test Online in Pune : CLICK Here

No combination of symptoms can reliably distinguish malaria from other causes, so a parasitological test is vital for identifying and managing the disease.

Can you have malaria without a fever?

Some patients may not have fever at all and may present with other symptoms listed above. Many present with fever of various patterns, low grade to high grade, with or without chills, intermittent to continuous, or even as cases of prolonged fever.

healthcare nt sickcare

Create My Account

Shop With Us

All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2020. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare.

Subscribe To Our Newsletter
Get updates and learn from the best
Migraine
Diseases & Disorders

Migraine

A migraine is usually an intense pounding headache that can last for hours or even

how to choose face mask
Preventive Health

How To Choose Face Mask?

How To Choose Face Mask? Face masks are an important preventive measure against COVID-19. N-95

CoronaVirus Pune
Health And Wellness

CoronaVirus Pune

Coronavirus Pune, In order to successfully curb the coronavirus from spreading further in Pune, it is

Do You Want To Know Our Business?

Good Pathology Labs in Pune

you're currently offline but continue browsing

Invite & Earn

X
Signup to start sharing your link
Signup
Scroll to Top
refer and earn 25% discount on lab test in pune

Share & Earn

  • Copy & Share Your Referral Link Displayed Below
  • Your Referred User's Can Register via Your Shared Link
  • Get 25% Coupon In Your Dashboard On Your Referral Order Completion
  • Your Referred Users Will Also Get 10% On Signup

Copy & Share Your Referral Link Now

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
× Chat