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Anti Lupus Anticoagulant Test
The lupus anticoagulant test may detect a variety of problems, including an unexplained blood clot, i.e. thrombosis in a vein or artery of the person.
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What is the lupus anticoagulant test?
Lupus anticoagulants are antibodies against substances in the lining of the cells. These substances prevent blood clotting, which is called phospholipids. People with antibodies to phospholipids may have a high risk of forming blood clots.
It is usually ordered with other related tests when someone has an unexplained blood clot in a vein or artery, with symptoms ranging to deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, if a woman experiences recurrent miscarriages, a person with the signs and symptoms of APS, etc. If the tests return positive, it is normally followed up with another test after 12 weeks to confirm that the condition is still present.
Why lupus anticoagulant test advised?
The lupus anticoagulant test may detect a variety of problems, including An unexplained blood clot, i.e. thrombosis in a vein or artery of the person, Recurrent miscarriages in a woman An unexplained prolonged PTT test, i.e. the time it takes in seconds for a person’s blood sample to clot in a test tube after reagents are added to it.
This test will help determine if the prolonged PTT is because of a specific inhibitor such as an antibody against a specific coagulation factor, or to a nonspecific inhibitor like the lupus anticoagulant. It can also diagnose antiphospholipid syndrome or an excessive clotting disorder called thrombophilia, along with other tests.
Lupus anticoagulant test cost
Lupus Anticoagulant (LAC) test detects for antibodies of the same name, which are synthesized in response to an autoimmune disorder. These antibodies handle excess blood clot formation, which leads to many disorders.
As part of their normal functioning, the immune system synthesizes antibodies to fight infections, allergies, inflammation, etc. However, autoimmune disorders cause the system to synthesize antibodies against the body’s own tissues. Lupus anticoagulant antibodies are a type of autoimmune antibodies. They attack healthy cells and destroy their structural as well as functional integrity.
What is the need for the lupus anticoagulant test?
Indications of undergoing LAC test;
- Pain in limbs
- Recurrent sudden pain in the chest
- Respiratory difficulties
- Reddish discoloration of limbs
- Recurrent nausea and vomiting
- Generalized numbing pain
- Recurrent fever
Anti lupus anticoagulant test
The above symptoms have little significance in indicating towards LAC test when considered individually. However, when considered as a group, they point towards a deep-seated disorder. LAC test is not the first choice of the diagnostic test when patients present with these symptoms. ECG, venography, angiography, etc. are performed to diagnose blood clots. LAC test may be performed besides these tests.
LAC test is part of the routine examination in the prognosis of an autoimmune disorder by the name of the anti-phospholipid syndrome. It may be advised during pregnancy as well. Testing positive for LAC during pregnancy is a risk factor and requires constant medical supervision. The presence of LAC antibodies enhances the chances of blood clot formation that could lead to miscarriage. However, patients can test positive for LAC even in the complete absence of clot formation. Positive results should not be ignored, as they could have a fatal outcome.
Lupus anticoagulant blood test
- Overnight fasting is not required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- Previous Medical History May Be Required
- Inform your doctor prior to the test if you are on medications
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