Health and Wellness

List of electrolytes Blood Test

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:25 am

List of electrolytes. An electrolyte is a substance that conducts electricity when dissolved in water. They are essential for several bodily functions.

All humans need electrolytes to survive. Many automatic processes in the body rely on a small electric current to function, and electrolytes provide this charge.

Electrolytes interact with each other and the cells in the tissues, nerves, and muscles. A balance of different electrolytes is vital for healthy function.

Importance of electrolytes

  • Electrolytes are vital for the normal functioning of the human body.
  • Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of electrolytes.
  • Common electrolytes include sodium, potassium, calcium and bicarbonate.
  • The symptoms of electrolyte imbalance can include twitching, weakness and, if unchecked, seizures and heart rhythm disturbances.
  • Older adults are particularly at risk of electrolyte imbalance

Electrolytes functions in our body

Electrolytes are minerals in your blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge.

Electrolytes affect how your body functions, including:

  • The amount of water in your body
  • The acidity of your blood (pH)
  • Your muscle function
  • Other important processes

You lose electrolytes when you sweat. You must replace them by drinking fluids that contain electrolytes. Water does not contain electrolytes.

Learn more about: What is electrolyte imbalance?

List of electrolytes

6 Common electrolytes include:

  1. Calcium
  2. Chloride
  3. Magnesium
  4. Phosphorus
  5. Potassium
  6. Sodium

List of 7 electrolytes blood test

Electrolytes can be acids, bases, or salts. They can be measured by different blood tests. Each electrolyte can be measured separately, such as;

  1. Ionized calcium
  2. Serum calcium
  3. Serum chloride
  4. Serum magnesium
  5. Serum phosphorus
  6. Serum potassium
  7. Serum sodium

Note: Serum is the part of blood that doesn’t contain cells.

  • Sodium, potassium, and chloride levels can also be measured as part of a basic metabolic panel. A more complete test, called comprehensive metabolic panel, can test for these several more electrolytes.
  • The electrolytes – urine test measures electrolytes in the urine. It tests the levels of calcium, chloride, potassium, sodium, and other electrolytes in a urine specimen.

Serum electrolytes test cost in Pune

You should also be interested in learning about Vitamin E

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