Kidney Function Test
Kidney Function Test (Renal Function Test)
Kidney function test is a group of tests used to evaluate how efficiently your kidneys are working. Kidney function test also called as Renal function test.
The kidneys are essential to the body as their function involves the removal of waste products from the blood and regulating water fluid levels in the body. The kidneys also receive blood through the renal artery. There are several kidney problems, including kidney failure, chronic kidney disease or even a kidney infection.
Symptoms of Kidney Problems are often not specific, which means having these symptoms cannot establish a proper diagnosis. However, if you have these symptoms of kidney problems, see your doctor to get a kidney test done.
Why do you need the kidney profile test?
You may need the Kidney Profile test to test your kidneys’ functioning or if you have any other conditions such as diabetes or high BP that may directly affect your kidneys. The kidney function test can help your doctor monitor your condition.
Chronic Kidney Disease
Most individuals with early stages of CKD go undiagnosed. On WKD we are calling on everyone to check if they are at risk for kidney disease and encouraging people with any risk factors to take a simple kidney function test.
Kidney disease usually progresses silently, often destroying most of the kidney function before causing any symptoms. The early detection of failing kidney function is crucial because it allows suitable treatment before irreversible kidney damage or deterioration manifests itself through other complications.
Simple laboratory tests are done on small samples of blood (to measure creatinine content and estimate GFR) and on urine (to measure creatinine and albumin excretion).
Your doctor uses the results of your serum creatinine measured in the blood to estimate your overall kidney function, or Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and your blood sugar, to be sure you do not have diabetes. A simple “dipstick” test may detect excess protein in the urine.
- Serum Creatinine: creatinine is a waste product in your blood that comes from muscle activity. It is normally removed from your blood by your kidneys, but when kidney function is reduced, the creatinine level rises. Your doctor can use the results of your serum creatinine test to calculate your GFR, which reflects how well your kidney is functioning.
- Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): Your GFR tells how much total kidney function you have. It may be estimated from your blood level of creatinine. Normal is about 100 ml/min, so lower values show the percentage of normal kidney function which you have. If your GFR falls below 60 ml/minutes, you will usually need to see a kidney disease specialist (called a nephrologist)
- If the treatment you receive from the nephrologist does not prevent a further reduction in GFR, your nephrologist will speak to you about treatments for kidney failure you might need later, like dialysis or a kidney transplant. A GFR below 15 shows that you may need to start one of these treatments soon.
- Urine albumin. The presence of excess protein in the urine is also a marker of CKD and is a better indicator of the risk for progression and for premature heart attacks and strokes than GFR alone.
- Excess protein in the urine can be screened for by placing a small plastic strip embedded with chemicals that change colour when protein is present (urine dipstick) into a fresh urine specimen or can be measured more accurately with a laboratory test on the urine.
- Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio.A urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) on a spot urine specimen is a laboratory test to measure and monitor urine albumin. UACR is a ratio between two measured substances — albumin and creatinine — in the urine.
- UACR is usually expressed as mg albumin/g creatinine and estimates 24-hour urine albumin excretion. UACR is unaffected by variations in urine concentration and is, therefore, more accurate than a dipstick.. Albuminuria is diagnosed when UACR is greater than 30 mg/g and is a sign of CKD.
Kidney Function Test Profile Includes;
- Uric acid
- Blood urea nitrogen
- BUN/Creatinine ratio
- Overnight fasting is preferable but not compulsory
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The normal reference range and test result may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
Renal Function Test
Also known as, KFT, RFT, Renal function, renal function test, kidney test, renal test, rft test,
Checkout for Any Offers & Discount Coupons
Speak or WhatsApp 919766060629
Read our Article On Kidney Diseases
Watch On YouTube