Serum Iron Test
Iron Studies are required to measure the levels of iron in the body. Symptoms of iron deficiency (anemia) are pale skin, tiredness, shortness of breath on exertion, and in case the body stores too much iron, it can damage the heart, pancreas, liver, and skin.
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Iron plays an important role in providing oxygen to the body. This test is useful for the differential diagnosis of anemias. It is also used to diagnose hemochromatosis and hemosiderosis; it is useful in the diagnosis of acute iron toxicity, especially in children. It should always be measured with TIBC (total iron-binding capacity) for the evaluation of iron deficiency.
The iron test helps the doctor to determine if there is a deficiency or excess of iron levels in the person’s body. Both high or low levels of iron are dangerous for the body. This test is also known as a serum iron test.
Serum iron test
Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin in the blood for the body. It is also required for regulating muscle and organ function. When there is a low iron count, the body has to work harder to transport oxygen to the whole body. This results in a person feeling fatigued and stressed.
If you experience symptoms like fatigue, tiredness, pale skin, dizziness, those could be signs of low iron in your body. The doctor would order an iron test for you to see if the symptoms result from iron deficiency or some other disorder. Likewise, when a person has iron overload, he experiences symptoms like joint pain, unexplained weight loss, reduced sex drive, abnormal heart rate, lethargy, etc.
Medications and supplements like testosterone, birth control pills, blood pressure, and cholesterol medicines; all can alter iron levels. Hence, the doctor would instruct you to avoid them on the day before testing. He also decides whether midnight fasting is required to be done, depending on any other tests that may be done with iron testing.
Iron testing is done by extracting blood samples; usually from veins running in the arms. The test results can help the doctor in interpreting if you have iron deficiency, anemia, or a normal iron count.
Given ahead are the normal results of iron levels – 65 to 176 μg/dL is the normal range in men. 50 to 170 μg/dL is the normal range in women and 50 to 120 μg/dL in children. Further testing may be ordered by the doctor in the event of abnormal results. Abnormally high levels of iron mean iron overload, liver failure, deficiency of healthy red blood cells.
If there is anemia, the doctor may prescribe iron supplements and the consumption of iron-rich foods on the diet. CBC tests can be prescribed along with this test.
Iron blood test
Iron Studies are required to measure the levels of iron in the body. Symptoms of iron deficiency (anaemia) are pale skin, tiredness, shortness of breath on exertion, and in case the body stores too much iron, it can damage the heart, pancreas, liver, and skin.
- Overnight fasting may not be required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The normal reference range may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
- Ideal and frequently advised for females
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