advanced health packages at healthcare nt sickcare

Hepatitis – Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Complications, Hepatitis Tests

Share on facebook
Share on tumblr
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue.

Types of viral hepatitis

Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is responsible for each type of virally transmitted hepatitis.

Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by faeces from a person infected with hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact. HCV is among the most common blood-borne viral infections.

Hepatitis D

Also called delta hepatitis, hepatitis D is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). HDV is contracted through direct contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus can’t multiply without the presence of hepatitis B.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting faecal matter that contaminates the water supply.

Symptoms of hepatitis

If you have infectious forms of hepatitis that are chronic, like hepatitis B and C, you may not have symptoms in the beginning. Symptoms may not occur until the damage affects liver function. Chronic hepatitis develops slowly, so these signs and symptoms may be too subtle to notice.

Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis appear quickly;

  • fatigue
  • flu-like symptoms
  • dark urine
  • pale stool
  • abdominal pain
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice

Tests for hepatitis

If hepatitis is suspected, the following tests can confirm a diagnosis:

Blood tests: These can detect whether the body is producing antibodies to fight the disease, and they can assess liver function tests by checking the levels of certain liver proteins and enzymes.

Nucleic acid tests: For hepatitis B and C, an HBV DNA or HCV RNA test can confirm the speed at which the virus is reproducing in the liver, and this will show how active the disease is.

A liver biopsy: This can measure the extent of liver damage and the possibility of cancer.

Paracentesis: Abdominal fluid is extracted and tested, to identify the cause of fluid accumulation.

Elastography: This measures the liver’s stiffness by emitting sound waves.

Surrogate markers: A type of blood test to assess the development of cirrhosis and fibrosis.

Treatment will depend on the diagnosis. Get your hepatitis tests to profile done with us.

Tips to prevent hepatitis


Practising good hygiene is one key way to avoid contracting hepatitis A and E. If you’re travelling to other countries, you should avoid:

  • local water
  • ice
  • raw or undercooked shellfish and oysters
  • raw fruit and vegetables

Hepatitis B, C, and D contracted through contaminated blood can be prevented by:

  • not sharing drug needles
  • not sharing razors
  • not using someone else’s toothbrush
  • not touching spilt blood

Hepatitis B and C can also be contracted through sexual intercourse and intimate sexual contact. Practising safe sex by using condoms and dental dams can help decrease the risk of infection.


The use of vaccines is an important key to preventing hepatitis. Vaccinations are available to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B. Experts are currently developing vaccines against hepatitis C. A vaccination for hepatitis E exists in China.

Complications of hepatitis

Chronic hepatitis B or C can often lead to more serious health problems. Because the virus affects the liver, people with chronic hepatitis B or C are at risk for:

When your liver stops functioning normally, liver failure can occur. Complications of liver failure include:

  • bleeding disorders
  • a buildup of fluid in your abdomen, known as ascites
  • increased blood pressure in portal veins that enter your liver, known as portal hypertension
  • kidney failure
  • hepatic encephalopathy, which can involve fatigue, memory loss, and diminished mental abilities due to the buildup of toxins, like ammonia, that affect brain function
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, which is a form of liver cancer
  • death

People with chronic hepatitis B and C are encouraged to avoid alcohol because it can accelerate liver disease and failure. Certain supplements and medications can also affect liver function. If you have chronic hepatitis B or C, check with your doctor before taking any new medications.

healthcare nt sickcare

Know How We Give-Back

Create My Account

Shop With Us

All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2019. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare. 

liver function test, lft, liver profile, liver diseases, hepatitis, hepatitis types, hepatitis tests, liver function test in pune, liver function test near me, lft test near me,lft test in pune, liver profile in pune, liver profile near mr, liver test near me, liver test in pune, hepatitis test near me, hepatitis test in pune, blood collection from home, blood collection from home in pune, blood collection from home near me, home blood collection lab, home blood collection labs, home blood collections labs in pune, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis b symptoms, hbsag test, hepatitis c symptoms, liver failure, hcv, hepatitis symptoms, what is hepatitis, fatty liver symptoms, hep b, enlarged liver, liver damage, hbv, what is hepatitis b, alcoholic hepatitis, liver disease, liver biopsy, fatty liver disease, liver infection, alcoholic liver disease, is hepatitis b curable, hepatitis causes, cirrhosis symptoms, viral hepatitis, hepatitis a symptoms, chronic liver disease, liver fibrosis, types of hepatitis, hcv test, fatty liver disease symptoms, hepatitis b test, hepatitis c virus, inflamed liver, hepatitis b virus, liver cirrhosis symptoms, hepatitis b causes, alcoholic hepatitis symptoms, hepc, symptoms of liver problems, hepatitis meaning, hepatic, hep, hepatitis test, what is hepatitis c, hep c symptoms, what causes hepatitis c, is hepatitis c curable, hepatitis c test, hep b symptoms, hepatitis symptoms in men, can hepatitis c be cured, hepatitis b and c, hepatitis b surface antibody, hepatitis c symptoms in men, hcv infection, hep c causes, , signs and symptoms of hepatitis, can hepatitis b be cured, hepatitis b symptoms in men, viral hepatitis symptoms, liver dysfunction, hepatitis disease, hepatitis b blood test, hepatitis blood test, hcv symptoms, how is hepatitis c spread, hepatitis a and b, hepatic disease, liver alcohol, causes of hepatitis a, hcv rna test, hepatitis b diagnosis, hcv blood test, hepatitis b test results, hbsag blood test, hepa test, hepatitis a test, symptoms of hepatitis a b and c, diagnostic test for hepatitis, hepatitis b test cost, types of hepatitis virus, hbsag test cost, hcv causes, hcv antibody test, hbs ag test, what is hcv test, serum hepatitis, hbsag test normal range, what is hbsag test, hav test, hbsag test means, hcv test means, viral marker test, lab diagnosis of hepatitis b, hep c test, hepatitis test nearby, hepatitis test lab nearby, hepatitis testing lab neaby, hepatitis testing laboratory nearby, hepatitis test near me, hepatitis test lab near me, hepatitis testing lab near me, hepatitis testing laboratory near me, hepatitis test at home, hepatitis testing at home, home hepatitis test, home hepatitis testing, nearby hepatitis test, nearby hepatitis testing, nearby hepatitis test lab, nearby hepatitis testing lab, nearby hepatitis test laboratory, nearby hepatitis testing laboratory

1 thought on “Hepatitis – Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Complications, Hepatitis Tests”

  1. Pingback: What Is Cancer? Is Cancer Curable? | Pranaya Health Check-Up Store

Leave a Reply