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HCV RNA PCR Test (Quantitative)
HCV RNA PCR test is used to determine whether a patient suffers from chronic hepatitis C. The quantitative test uses two processes via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) RT-PCR.
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HCV RNA PCR Test
HCV RNA PCR Test is intended for use as an aid in management of HCV-infected patients and is not intended for the initial diagnosis or confirmation of HCV infection. This test quantifies HCV RNA of free HCV virions in serum / plasma. HCV RNA is a marker of viral replication, and persistence is associated with disease progression. HCV RNA PCR Test can monitor response to therapy.
Why HCV RNA PCR Test (Quantitative) advised?
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which can lead to inflammation and significant damage to the liver. Although it predominantly infects the cells of the liver, it can also affect other parts of the body. During the acute phase following the initial infection of HCV, it is asymptomatic and clinically undetectable.
85% of the acute infections become chronic and the remaining naturally get cured. In rare cases, acute hepatitis is accompanied by jaundice, malaise, weakness, and anorexia. It is estimated that 74 to 86% of individuals with the acute infection develop persistent viremia, which subsequently leads to chronic infection and possibly to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma.
The conventional diagnostic methods include serological testing and liver biopsy. Since HCV cannot be cultured in the clinical laboratory, a sensitive molecular testing is needed to confirm the virus such as quantitative real-time PCR.
HCV RNA PCR Test Includes
- HCV RNA Quantitative RT-PCR
HCV RNA PCR test is used to determine whether a patient suffers from chronic hepatitis C. The quantitative test uses two processes via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or transcription-mediated amplification (TMA). Either of the processes is used to test for hepatitis C in the bloodstream and the results are deemed more reliable, as they can effectively detect even low levels of the virus.
HCV RNA PCR Test Conditions
- 10-12hrs overnight fasting is NOT advised
- A doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The normal test results may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
- Inform your doctor if you’ve been taking medicines or drugs, and he might ask you to stop. Certain medications can interact with your HCV RNA PCR Test result. Talk to your doctor.
- Home visit service facility available only for total test cost of above ₹999