Diseases and Disorders

Common Travel Diseases

Common Travel Diseases, As Indians are love to travel, we need to take special precautions against illnesses not normally encountered at home. A trip to a doctor or travel clinic is recommended well before your departure date to ensure that you receive all the immunizations and medications. In particular, there are a few common health issues that should be addressed.

Most common travel diseases

For Indians, you become suitable targets for bugs and bacteria when you travel. Planning to travel over the long weekend? Know the 11 common travel diseases you can avoid on your next holiday.

Travelling can be an enriching experience. The knowledge brings you about different customs, food, lifestyle and even personal differences in human nature that can help you live your life better. But if you aren’t careful, there’s a high chance of falling sick while you travel. Going to a city or country different from yours means a change in temperature, food, air, and water. And this can allow viruses or bacteria to enter your body and manifest as diseases.

Here are 11 common travel diseases for Indians

Travelling is all fun and games until you pick up an unpleasant bug. Learn what’s putting you at risk and how you can protect yourself before you jet off.

Total Time: 20 minutes

  1. Traveler’s diarrhoea

    If you get this, you are spending your holiday in the bathroom. Traveler’s diarrhoea is very easy to get as it spreads from food and water. You will regularly see Indian sports person complain of loose bowels when they go out to represent the country and most foreigners who visit India also get this. How to avoid: 
    Wash your hands every time before a meal and it will dramatically reduce your chances of getting infections. Also, stick to bottled water, freshly cooked or covered food.

  2. Malaria

    This disease spreads by the anopheles mosquito that is commonly found in Asia, South America, the Caribbean, and eastern Europe. If you feel strong chills despite the high fever, body pain and nausea, the mosquito has infected your blood. You can take antimalarial medicine to treat it. How to avoid: 
    Stay away from waste dumps, lakes, and open shelters, especially during nighttime. Carry mosquito repellents wherever you stick to long-sleeved shirts or tops.

  3. Norovirus

    Found particularly in colder climates, this viral infection causes gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in people. You are at risk if you are planning a trip to the UK, Ireland or nearby countries. People can get bloody stools and vomiting because of this. How to avoid:
    Wash your hands regularly and prevent yourself from touching your mouth or face again and again to avoid this disease. Also, try to eat only hygienic and fresh food.

  4. Tuberculosis

    People vacationing in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Central America commonly come in contact with this disease. Is spreads because of bacteria that you can come in contact with when an infected person near your sneezes, coughs or even sings. You may feel chest pain, a lack of appetite and intense sweating at night if you have time. How to avoid:
    Carry face masks and wear them in crowded areas and mass transit. Also, make sure that you have got vaccinated for TB in childhood, or get vaccinated now.

  5. Influenza

    This is a viral infection that targets your throat, nose, and lungs. Children with a weak immune system are especially susceptible to it. Any tropical place is likely to be infected with influenza causing virus and you can get the disease when through kissing, shaking hands, or touching the pillow or doorknob of the infected person. How to avoid:
    Like TB, limit your interaction with people and clean yourself regularly to avoid it.

  6. Sunburn

    Soaking up the sun around the pool or on a white sandy beach is many people’s idea of a perfect holiday, but a painful sunburn can ruin your trip. For healthy travel, take along (and use) sunscreen and a lip balm with SPF 30 or higher. It should say broad-spectrum or UVA+UVB on the label, he adds. If you get burned, cool baths or wet clothes can ease the pain. Finally, apply moisturiser, drink water, and stay out of the sun until your skin heals.

  7. Jellyfish Stings

    Jellyfish stings can be exceedingly painful and, in fact, a beached jellyfish, even a dead one, can sting as pressure triggers the release of the tentacle barbs and venom. In non-tropical waters, wash the area with water to neutralise the sting. In tropical waters, use vinegar, not water. Use shaving cream or soap if vinegar isn’t available. Rub a credit card over the area to remove any stingers and then reapply vinegar. The sting of some jellyfish in waters off Australia and in Indo-Pacific areas can be more than a travel illness. It can be fatal. If any jellyfish sting results in shortness of breath, chest pain, or intense pain at the sting site, get help right away.

  8. Bug Bites

    Bug bites are not just a nasty nuisance-they can spread travel sickness. Mosquitoes can spread West Nile virus and, in some parts of the world, malaria and dengue fever. You can catch Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever from a tick bite. But there are ways to lessen your chances of getting bitten. Wear long-sleeve shirts, long pants, and a hat, [and] tuck your shirt into your pants. For healthy travel, avoid outdoor activities at dawn and in the evening, when some mosquitoes are more active. Insect repellants containing DEET are by far the most effective. DEET can repel ticks, mosquitoes, and other insects when applied to skin or clothing.

  9. Sexually Transmitted Infections

    What happens in Vegas might stay in Vegas, but an STI is a burden you may have to carry around with you for life. Different infections manifest in various ways (fertility complications, cold sores, loss of appetite and tenderness in the stomach, to name a few) and some are asymptomatic until it’s too late. If you’re currently taking oral contraceptives, you’re protected against pregnancy, but not infections. Only a few STIs are entirely curable, but fortunately, they are all treatable and preventable. Always pack condoms and store them away from the sun and damaging oil-based products such as sunscreen and lipstick.

  10. Dengue Fever

    Yet another mosquito-borne tropical disease that’s on the rise, 80 percent of dengue cases are asymptomatic but can morph into a sudden-onset fever, weakness, nosebleeds, easy bruising and a headache typically experienced behind the eyes. Depending on the severity of the case, treatment can include oral or intravenous rehydration or a blood transfusion. As per usual, the standard protocol is to ward against the illness with the liberal use of insect repellant, long sleeves and netted sleeping grounds.

  11. Tetanus

    Often dubbed “lockjaw,” tetanus is bacteria found in dirt, dust, soil and faecal matter that travel up nerves leading to muscular stiffness. Most times, it can be fatal, especially if contracted through an open wound, animal bite or burn. Those suffering from tetanus experience spasms on the neck, buttocks, back, and chest with difficulty swallowing and a high fever. Newborns, individuals above the age of 60 and those who haven’t been immunised are particularly at risk.

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