What is C-Peptide?
C-Peptide test can help your doctor decide whether you need to take insulin to control your condition or to check your dosage if you already take it.C-Peptide And C-Peptide Test Click To Tweet
Beta cells in your pancreas make insulin. During that process, these cells also release C-peptide.
This substance doesn’t actually affect your blood sugar. But your doctor can meaC-Peptide And C-Peptide Testsure the level of it to help her figure out how much insulin you’re making.
C-Peptide And Diabetes
Doctors don’t use it to actually diagnose diabetes, but it can give them a reading to help treat it.
It can tell the difference between insulin your body has made and the insulin that you took.
You might get the C-peptide test:
- To find out whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- When you have type 1 and your doctor needs to know how much insulin your pancreas still makes
- When you have type 2 diabetes and she needs to measure how much insulin you make on you own or whether you need to begin taking it yet
- To find out why you have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- To diagnose a tumour of the pancreas that releases insulin, called an insulinoma
- If you’ve had your pancreas removed
How to prepare for the C-peptide test?
You might need to stop eating 10 to 12 hours before the test. Sometimes, it’s done after you eat.
Let your doctor know about any medicines you are on. Include medicine you take by prescription and those you buy over the counter, such as herbal supplements or vitamins.
The C-peptide test uses a sample of your blood and the result will be available in 24hrs.
C-Peptide Reference Range
A normal C-peptide range is 0.5 to 2.0 nanograms per milliliter.
These levels can be high when your body makes more insulin than usual. Levels are low when your body makes less than it normally should.
A high level can mean that you:
- Have insulin resistance — meaning your body doesn’t use it as well as it should
- Have a tumour, called an insulinoma
- Have kidney disease
LEARN: D-Dimer Test
High C-peptide level in blood
High levels of c-peptide with a low level of blood glucose could be an indication of insulin resistance, either type 2 diabetes or Cushing’s syndrome.
High levels of c-peptide but low blood glucose levels may be a result of insulinoma (a tumour of the pancreas) unless glucose lowering medication has influenced the result.
Low C-peptide level in blood
Low levels of c-peptide and high blood glucose levels could be an indicator of type 1 diabetes.
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