Brucella IgG IgM Test
Brucella test is performed on a sample of blood to measure the level of brucella agglutination in the blood. It is performed to confirm zoonotic disease and also during the treatment and after the treatment of zoonotic disease.
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Brucella Test (Brucella Antibodies Panel Test)
Brucellosis is caused by gram-negative bacillus of genus Brucella either by direct contact or by ingestion of meat or milk. In cases of suspected Brucellosis, this assay assists in the diagnosis and plays a supplementary role in routine culture.
What is the brucella test?
Brucella test is performed on a sample of blood to measure the level of Brucella Agglutination in the blood. It is performed to confirm Zoonotic Disease and also during the treatment and after the treatment of Zoonotic Disease.
The main pathogenic species of Brucella are Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis and Brucella abortus. Brucella melitensis is a gram-negative coccobacillus bacterium from the Brucellaceae family. It mainly affects the reproductive tract of goats and sheep, and in some regions is the major cause of abortion in them. It can also negatively impact fertility and lactation. B. melitensis has the broadest host range, infecting cattle, camels and dogs, besides sheep, goats and humans.
Brucella suis infections in pigs cause chronic inflammatory lesions in the reproductive organs or orchitis and may affect joints and/or other organs. Similar to B. melitensis, B. suis can cause abortion in pregnant hosts. Other effects of the disease are sterility, posterior paralysis and spondylitis. It is transmitted mainly by ingestion of infected tissues or fluids. It can cause undulant fever. B. suis are gram-negative, facultative intracellular coccobacilli and can specifically produce in phagocytic cells.
They are also non-spore-forming, non-capsulated, and non-motile. Brucella suis are differentiated into five strains. Strains 1-3 infect boars and pigs. Strain 2 has been found in wild boars but without signs of infection while they do infect pigs and hares. Brucella abortus is a species of the genus Brucella. Natural hosts of B. abortus are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are common effects on the pregnant animal.
When humans come in contact with an infected animal or animal products that are contaminated with Brucella, brucellosis may result. Most human infections are occupational. Over 70 percent of reported cases of brucellosis occur in the meat-processing and livestock industries. Infection is via skin wounds, but the organisms can also be inhaled. A common route of Brucella infection is eating or drinking infected dairy products that have not been pasteurized.
Human infections are caused most frequently by B. melitensis, B. suis, and B. abortus, while B. canis causes only rare infections. B. melitensis is the most virulent. People infected with B. melitensis can suffer serious complications, including infection and inflammation of the bones and joints, and occasionally, the heart and brain. Incubation period is one to three weeks, and flu-like symptoms appear in the infected person, such as fever, sweats, headache, back pain, and weakness.
Severe complications such as CNS infections or infections in the heart lining occur in about 5 percent of cases. Chronic symptoms like recurrent fever, arthritis, and fatigue may occur up to one year from the illness onset. Brucellosis plays an important role in the economy and health of many developing countries because of its impact on both livestock and humans.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes BRUCELLOSIS. Its cells are nonmotile coccobacilli and are animal parasites and pathogens. The bacterium is transmissible to humans through contact with infected dairy products or tissue.
What is the brucella antibody test?
Brucella antibody test is a serological test that is used to detect Brucella antibodies in the blood. Such test is done on the blood serum and used to detect not only the antibodies but also the different agents that handle their creation. If you are suffering from the symptoms such as fever, fatigue, muscle pain, joint pain and so on, then you may suffer from acute or chronic Brucellosis. In such cases, the blood test is done to detect the antibodies in the blood.
What is the need for the brucella IgG IgM test?
The presence of antibodies states that either you have a current infection or there was a mild infection in the past. The test result will tell if the treatment works efficiently or not. If the antibodies are present, the result is stated to be positive. However, if there is no current infection, then any past immunization can be the reason behind the presence of antibodies.
In the case antibodies are present, the test is done of the blood serum to check antigens and know if the infection is current or not. If there are no antibodies, that means that the result is negative, and no disease is there.
Brucella Agglutination Test
- Overnight fasting is not required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The test result may vary depending on age, sex and health history, etc.
- No special preparation is needed for the Brucella Test. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing the Brucella Test.
- Home visit service facility available only for total test cost of above ₹999.00
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