Hypertension and Blood Pressure

4 Types of Hypertension During Pregnancy and Its Causes

Last updated on October 20th, 2022 at 07:47 am

Hypertension during pregnancy is a serious issue that many women are not even aware of. Fortunately, there are many ways to avoid and treat it. For instance, women should eat a healthy diet, avoid excess weight gain and not smoke, to reduce their risk of developing high blood pressure. If high blood pressure is detected during pregnancy, doctors recommend that the woman change their lifestyle and monitor the condition closely by.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a chronic condition that can have long-term consequences for the mother and her baby. It is a common problem during pregnancy and it can also develop after delivery. The most important thing is to prevent hypertension before it develops.

What is Hypertension During Pregnancy?

Are you experiencing high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy? Hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure levels shoot up to a level, which may cause damage to the body. With pregnant women, hypertension may inflict damage on both the mother and the growing baby. You require special care for dealing with hypertension during pregnancy, irrespective of the fact whether it develops before or after conception. Here are some important facts you ought to know about hypertension during pregnancy.

4 Types Of Hypertension During Pregnancy

There are different high blood pressure issues caused during pregnancy.

  1. Gestational hypertension: Women with this form of hypertension have high blood pressure, which develops around 20 weeks of pregnancy. There is no sign of organ damage or protein in the urine. Many women with gestational hypertension develop preeclampsia, eventually.
  2. Chronic hypertension: Chronic hypertension is the high blood pressure condition that is present before pregnancy or it may occur before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is hard to determine high blood pressure, as it does not have prominent symptoms.
  3. Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia: This condition is likely in women with chronic blood pressure being present from before pregnancy. During pregnancy, women with this condition develop worsening high blood pressure and protein content in the urine. Other health complications are also showed.
  4. Preeclampsia: This is a pregnancy complication featured by high blood pressure, along with signs of damage to other organs of the body. This happens from chronic high blood pressure and gestational hypertension. It usually sets in within 20 weeks of pregnancy. If untreated, preeclampsia can lead to several serious complications for the mother and the baby.

What are the Causes for Hypertension During Pregnancy?

There are several probable causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy. These include;

  • being overweight
  • not getting enough physical activity
  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • first-time pregnancy
  • a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
  • carrying over one child
  • age (over 35)
  • assistive reproductive technology (such as in vitro fertilization or IVF)
  • having diabetes or certain autoimmune diseases

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What are the Complications of Hypertension During Pregnancy??

High pressure during pregnancy is associated with several risks. They are as follows;

  1. Decreased flow of blood to the placenta: When the placenta does not receive sufficient blood, your baby will be deprived of enough oxygen and nutrients. This might cause slow growth, premature birth, or low birth weight in your baby. Prematurity also causes breathing trouble in the baby.
  2. Placental abruption: Preeclampsia increases the risk of placental abruption, where the placenta gets separated from the inner uterine wall before delivery. Severe cases of placental abruption lead to placenta damage and heavy bleeding.
  3. Premature delivery: In some cases, premature delivery of the baby has to be carried out to prevent some life-threatening conditions.

To reduce the risk of complications caused by hypertension during pregnancy, it is important for you to consult a doctor regularly throughout pregnancy. You should take blood pressure medicines prescribed by a doctor in the most suitable dosage. You should also stay active, follow a healthy low-sodium diet, and stay away from smoking, alcohol, and substance abuse.

Check Blood Pressure Regularly During Pregnancy

A blood pressure reading is a fraction: your systolic blood pressure over your diastolic blood pressure. The top number is your systolic pressure, which is a measurement of the pressure on your arteries when the heart is beating or squeezing blood forward through your body. The diastolic pressure, or the lower number, is a measurement of the blood pressure in your arteries when the heart is at rest.

What Is Normal Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?

To determine what your “normal” blood pressure is during pregnancy, your doctor will probably take a baseline blood pressure measurement on your first visit. Then they will measure your blood pressure at every visit that follows. Normal blood pressure is anything less than 120/80 mm Hg.

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